33:13 You who are far away, listen to what I have done!
You who are close by, recognize my strength!”
33:14 Sinners are afraid in Zion;
They say, 3 ‘Who among us can coexist with destructive fire?
Who among us can coexist with unquenchable 4 fire?’
and speaks honestly;
the one who refuses to profit from oppressive measures
and rejects a bribe; 7
the one who does not plot violent crimes 8
and does not seek to harm others 9 –
he will find safety in the rocky, mountain strongholds; 11
he will have food
and a constant supply of water.
you will see a wide land. 13
and you will ask yourselves, 15 “Where is the scribe?
Where is the one who weighs the money?
Where is the one who counts the towers?” 16
whose language you do not comprehend, 18
whose derisive speech you do not understand. 19
33:20 Look at Zion, the city where we hold religious festivals!
a peaceful settlement,
a tent that stays put; 22
its stakes will never be pulled up;
none of its ropes will snap in two.
Rivers and wide streams will flow through it; 24
no war galley will enter; 25
no large ships will sail through. 26
33:22 For the Lord, our ruler,
the Lord, our commander,
the Lord, our king –
he will deliver us.
the mast is not secured, 28
and the sail 29 is not unfurled,
at that time you will divide up a great quantity of loot; 30
even the lame will drag off plunder. 31
the people who live there will have their sin forgiven.
1 tn Or “trembling” (ASV, NAB, NASB, NIV, NRSV); NLT “shake with fear.”
2 tn Or “the defiled”; TEV “The sinful people of Zion”; NLT “The sinners in Jerusalem.”
3 tn The words “they say” are supplied in the translation for clarification.
4 tn Or “perpetual”; or “everlasting” (KJV, ASV, NAB, NIV, NRSV).
5 tn Heb “walks” (so NASB, NIV).
6 tn Or, possibly, “justly”; NAB “who practices virtue.”
7 tn Heb “[who] shakes off his hands from grabbing hold of a bribe.”
8 tn Heb “[who] shuts his ear from listening to bloodshed.”
9 tn Heb “[who] closes his eyes from seeing evil.”
10 tn Heb “he [in the] exalted places will live.”
11 tn Heb “mountain strongholds, cliffs [will be] his elevated place.”
12 tn Heb “your eyes will see a king in his beauty”; NIV, NRSV “the king.”
13 tn Heb “a land of distances,” i.e., an extensive land.
14 tn Heb “your heart will meditate on terror.”
15 tn The words “and you will ask yourselves” are supplied in the translation for clarification and stylistic reasons.
16 sn The people refer to various Assyrian officials who were responsible for determining the amount of taxation or tribute Judah must pay to the Assyrian king.
17 tn The Hebrew form נוֹעָז (no’az) is a Niphal participle derived from יָעַז (ya’az, an otherwise unattested verb) or from עָזָז (’azaz, “be strong,” unattested elsewhere in the Niphal). Some prefer to emend the form to לוֹעֵז (lo’ez) which occurs in Ps 114:1 with the meaning “speak a foreign language.” See HALOT 809 s.v. עזז, 533 s.v. לעז. In this case, one might translate “people who speak a foreign language.”
18 tn Heb “a people too deep of lip to hear.” The phrase “deep of lip” must be an idiom meaning “lips that speak words that are unfathomable [i.e., incomprehensible].”
20 tn Heb “your eyes” (so NASB, NIV, NRSV).
22 tn Or “that does not travel”; NASB “which shall not be folded.”
23 tn Heb “But there [as] a mighty one [will be] the Lord for us.”
24 tn Heb “a place of rivers, streams wide of hands [i.e., on both sides].”
25 tn Heb “a ship of rowing will not go into it.”
26 tn Heb “and a mighty ship will not pass through it.”
27 tn The words “though at this time” are supplied in the translation for clarification. The first half of the verse is addressed to Judah and contrasts the nation’s present weakness with its future prosperity. Judah is compared to a ship that is incapable of sailing.
28 tn Heb “they do not fasten the base of their mast.” On כֵּן (ken, “base”) see BDB 487 s.v. III כֵּן and HALOT 483 s.v. III כֵּן.
29 tn Or perhaps, “flag.”
30 tn Heb “then there will be divided up loot of plunder [in] abundance.”
31 sn Judah’s victory over its enemies will be so thorough there will be more than enough plunder for everyone, even slow-moving lame men who would normally get left out in the rush to gather the loot.
32 tn The words “of Zion” are supplied in the translation for clarification.