you who have not been destroyed!
The deceitful one is as good as dead, 2
the one whom others have not deceived!
When you are through destroying, you will be destroyed;
when you finish 3 deceiving, others will deceive you!
33:2 Lord, be merciful to us! We wait for you.
Give us strength each morning! 4
Deliver us when distress comes. 5
the nations scatter when you spring into action! 7
they swarm over it like locusts! 10
he fills Zion with justice and fairness.
he abundantly provides safety and great wisdom; 15
he gives all this to those who fear him. 16
messengers sent to make peace 18 weep bitterly.
there are no travelers. 20
Treaties are broken, 21
witnesses are despised, 22
human life is treated with disrespect. 23
the forest of Lebanon shrivels up 26 and decays.
33:10 “Now I will rise up,” says the Lord.
“Now I will exalt myself;
now I will magnify myself. 31
you give birth to chaff;
your breath is a fire that destroys you. 33
like thorn bushes that have been cut down, they will be set on fire.
33:13 You who are far away, listen to what I have done!
You who are close by, recognize my strength!”
33:14 Sinners are afraid in Zion;
They say, 37 ‘Who among us can coexist with destructive fire?
Who among us can coexist with unquenchable 38 fire?’
and speaks honestly;
the one who refuses to profit from oppressive measures
and rejects a bribe; 41
the one who does not plot violent crimes 42
and does not seek to harm others 43 –
he will find safety in the rocky, mountain strongholds; 45
he will have food
and a constant supply of water.
you will see a wide land. 47
and you will ask yourselves, 49 “Where is the scribe?
Where is the one who weighs the money?
Where is the one who counts the towers?” 50
whose language you do not comprehend, 52
whose derisive speech you do not understand. 53
33:20 Look at Zion, the city where we hold religious festivals!
a peaceful settlement,
a tent that stays put; 56
its stakes will never be pulled up;
none of its ropes will snap in two.
Rivers and wide streams will flow through it; 58
no war galley will enter; 59
no large ships will sail through. 60
33:22 For the Lord, our ruler,
the Lord, our commander,
the Lord, our king –
he will deliver us.
the mast is not secured, 62
and the sail 63 is not unfurled,
at that time you will divide up a great quantity of loot; 64
even the lame will drag off plunder. 65
the people who live there will have their sin forgiven.
1 tn Heb “Woe [to] the destroyer.”
sn In this context “the destroyer” appears to refer collectively to the hostile nations (vv. 3-4). Assyria would probably have been primary in the minds of the prophet and his audience.
2 tn Heb “and the deceitful one”; NAB, NIV “O traitor”; NRSV “you treacherous one.” In the parallel structure הוֹי (hoy, “woe [to]”) does double duty.
3 tc The form in the Hebrew text appears to derive from an otherwise unattested verb נָלָה (nalah). The translation follows the Qumran scroll 1QIsaa in reading ככלתך, a Piel infinitival form from the verbal root כָּלָה (kalah), meaning “finish.”
4 tn Heb “Be their arm each morning.” “Arm” is a symbol for strength. The mem suffixed to the noun has been traditionally understood as a third person suffix, but this is contrary to the context, where the people speak of themselves in the first person. The mem (מ) is probably enclitic with ellipsis of the pronoun, which can be supplied from the context. See J. N. Oswalt, Isaiah (NICOT), 1:589, n. 1.
5 tn Heb “[Be] also our deliverance in the time of distress.”
6 tn Heb “at the sound of tumult the nations run away.”
7 tn Heb “because of your exaltation the nations scatter.”
8 tn The pronoun is plural; the statement is addressed to the nations who have stockpiled plunder from their conquests of others.
9 tn Heb “and your plunder is gathered, the gathering of the locust.”
10 tn Heb “like a swarm of locusts swarming on it.”
11 tn Or “elevated”; NCV, NLT “is very great.”
12 tn Or “for” (KJV, NASB, NIV).
13 tn Heb “on high” (so KJV, NAB, NASB, NIV, NRSV); CEV “in the heavens.”
14 tn Heb “and he is the stability of your times.”
15 tn Heb “a rich store of deliverance, wisdom, and knowledge.”
16 tn Heb “the fear of the Lord, it is his treasure.”
17 tn The meaning of the Hebrew word is unknown. Proposals include “heroes” (cf. KJV, ASV “valiant ones”; NASB, NIV “brave men”); “priests,” “residents [of Jerusalem].” The present translation assumes that the term is synonymous with “messengers of peace,” with which it corresponds in the parallel structure of the verse.
19 tn Or “desolate” (NAB, NASB); NIV, NRSV, NLT “deserted.”
20 tn Heb “the one passing by on the road ceases.”
21 tn Heb “one breaks a treaty”; NAB “Covenants are broken.”
22 tc The Hebrew text reads literally, “he despises cities.” The term עָרִים (’arim, “cities”) is probably a corruption of an original עֵדִים (’edim, “[legal] witnesses”), a reading that is preserved in the Qumran scroll 1QIsaa. Confusion of dalet (ד) and resh (ר) is a well-attested scribal error.
23 tn Heb “he does not regard human beings.”
24 tn Or “earth” (KJV); NAB “the country.”
26 tn Heb “Lebanon is ashamed.” The Hiphil is exhibitive, expressing the idea, “exhibits shame.” In this context the statement alludes to the withering of vegetation.
30 tn Heb “shake off [their leaves]” (so ASV, NRSV); NAB “are stripped bare.”
31 tn Or “lift myself up” (KJV); NLT “show my power and might.”
32 tn The second person verb and pronominal forms in this verse are plural. The hostile nations are the addressed, as the next verse makes clear.
33 sn The hostile nations’ plans to destroy God’s people will come to nothing; their hostility will end up being self-destructive.
35 tn Or “trembling” (ASV, NAB, NASB, NIV, NRSV); NLT “shake with fear.”
36 tn Or “the defiled”; TEV “The sinful people of Zion”; NLT “The sinners in Jerusalem.”
37 tn The words “they say” are supplied in the translation for clarification.
38 tn Or “perpetual”; or “everlasting” (KJV, ASV, NAB, NIV, NRSV).
39 tn Heb “walks” (so NASB, NIV).
40 tn Or, possibly, “justly”; NAB “who practices virtue.”
41 tn Heb “[who] shakes off his hands from grabbing hold of a bribe.”
42 tn Heb “[who] shuts his ear from listening to bloodshed.”
43 tn Heb “[who] closes his eyes from seeing evil.”
44 tn Heb “he [in the] exalted places will live.”
45 tn Heb “mountain strongholds, cliffs [will be] his elevated place.”
46 tn Heb “your eyes will see a king in his beauty”; NIV, NRSV “the king.”
47 tn Heb “a land of distances,” i.e., an extensive land.
48 tn Heb “your heart will meditate on terror.”
49 tn The words “and you will ask yourselves” are supplied in the translation for clarification and stylistic reasons.
50 sn The people refer to various Assyrian officials who were responsible for determining the amount of taxation or tribute Judah must pay to the Assyrian king.
51 tn The Hebrew form נוֹעָז (no’az) is a Niphal participle derived from יָעַז (ya’az, an otherwise unattested verb) or from עָזָז (’azaz, “be strong,” unattested elsewhere in the Niphal). Some prefer to emend the form to לוֹעֵז (lo’ez) which occurs in Ps 114:1 with the meaning “speak a foreign language.” See HALOT 809 s.v. עזז, 533 s.v. לעז. In this case, one might translate “people who speak a foreign language.”
52 tn Heb “a people too deep of lip to hear.” The phrase “deep of lip” must be an idiom meaning “lips that speak words that are unfathomable [i.e., incomprehensible].”
54 tn Heb “your eyes” (so NASB, NIV, NRSV).
56 tn Or “that does not travel”; NASB “which shall not be folded.”
57 tn Heb “But there [as] a mighty one [will be] the Lord for us.”
58 tn Heb “a place of rivers, streams wide of hands [i.e., on both sides].”
59 tn Heb “a ship of rowing will not go into it.”
60 tn Heb “and a mighty ship will not pass through it.”
61 tn The words “though at this time” are supplied in the translation for clarification. The first half of the verse is addressed to Judah and contrasts the nation’s present weakness with its future prosperity. Judah is compared to a ship that is incapable of sailing.
62 tn Heb “they do not fasten the base of their mast.” On כֵּן (ken, “base”) see BDB 487 s.v. III כֵּן and HALOT 483 s.v. III כֵּן.
63 tn Or perhaps, “flag.”
64 tn Heb “then there will be divided up loot of plunder [in] abundance.”
65 sn Judah’s victory over its enemies will be so thorough there will be more than enough plunder for everyone, even slow-moving lame men who would normally get left out in the rush to gather the loot.
66 tn The words “of Zion” are supplied in the translation for clarification.