NETBible KJV GRK-HEB XRef Arts Hymns
  Discovery Box

Isaiah 28:1-8

Context
The Lord Will Judge Samaria

28:1 The splendid crown of Ephraim’s drunkards is doomed, 1 

the withering flower, its beautiful splendor, 2 

situated 3  at the head of a rich valley,

the crown of those overcome with wine. 4 

28:2 Look, the sovereign master 5  sends a strong, powerful one. 6 

With the force of a hailstorm or a destructive windstorm, 7 

with the might of a driving, torrential rainstorm, 8 

he will knock that crown 9  to the ground with his hand. 10 

28:3 The splendid crown of Ephraim’s drunkards

will be trampled underfoot.

28:4 The withering flower, its beautiful splendor,

situated at the head of a rich valley,

will be like an early fig before harvest –

as soon as someone notices it,

he grabs it and swallows it. 11 

28:5 At that time 12  the Lord who commands armies will become a beautiful crown

and a splendid diadem for the remnant of his people.

28:6 He will give discernment to the one who makes judicial decisions,

and strength to those who defend the city from attackers. 13 

28:7 Even these men 14  stagger because of wine,

they stumble around because of beer –

priests and prophets stagger because of beer,

they are confused 15  because of wine,

they stumble around because of beer;

they stagger while seeing prophetic visions, 16 

they totter while making legal decisions. 17 

28:8 Indeed, all the tables are covered with vomit;

no place is untouched. 18 

1 tn Heb “Woe [to] the crown [or “wreath”] of the splendor [or “pride”] of the drunkards of Ephraim.” The “crown” is Samaria, the capital city of the northern kingdom (Ephraim). Priests and prophets are included among these drunkards in v. 7.

2 tn Heb “the beauty of his splendor.” In the translation the masculine pronoun (“his”) has been replaced by “its” because the referent (the “crown”) is the city of Samaria.

3 tn Heb “which [is].”

4 tn Heb “ones overcome with wine.” The words “the crown of” are supplied in the translation for clarification. The syntactical relationship of the final phrase to what precedes is uncertain. הֲלוּמֵי יָיִן (halume yayin, “ones overcome with wine”) seems to correspond to שִׁכֹּרֵי אֶפְרַיִם (shikkoreefrayim, “drunkards of Ephraim”) in line 1. The translation assumes that the phrase “the splendid crown” is to be understood in the final line as well.

5 tn The Hebrew term translated “sovereign master” here and in vv. 16, 22 is אֲדֹנָי (’adonay).

6 tn Heb “Look, a strong and powerful [one] belongs to the Lord.”

7 tn Heb “like a rainstorm of hail, a wind of destruction.”

8 tn Heb “like a rainstorm of mighty, overflowing waters.”

9 tn The words “that crown” are supplied in the translation for clarification. The object of the verb is unexpressed in the Hebrew text.

10 tn Or “by [his] power.”

11 tn Heb “which the one seeing sees, while still it is in his hand he swallows it.”

12 tn Or “in that day” (KJV).

13 tn Heb “and [he will become] a spirit of justice for the one who sits [i.e., presides] over judgment, // and strength [for] the ones who turn back battle at the city gate.” The Lord will provide internal stability and national security.

14 tn Heb “these.” The demonstrative pronoun anticipates “priests and prophets” two lines later.

15 tn According to HALOT 135 s.v. III בלע, the verb form is derived from בָּלַע (bala’, “confuse”), not the more common בָּלַע (“swallow”). See earlier notes at 3:12 and 9:16.

16 tn Heb “in the seeing.”

17 tn Heb “[in] giving a decision.”

18 tn Heb “vomit, without a place.” For the meaning of the phrase בְּלִי מָקוֹם (bÿli maqom, “without a place”), see HALOT 133 s.v. בְּלִי.



TIP #04: Try using range (OT and NT) to better focus your searches. [ALL]
created in 0.03 seconds
powered by bible.org