13:19 Babylon, the most admired 1 of kingdoms,
the Chaldeans’ source of honor and pride, 2
will be destroyed by God
just as Sodom and Gomorrah were. 3
23:13 Look at the land of the Chaldeans,
these people who have lost their identity! 4
The Assyrians have made it a home for wild animals.
They erected their siege towers, 5
demolished 6 its fortresses,
and turned it into a heap of ruins. 7
1 tn Or “most beautiful” (NCV, TEV).
2 tn Heb “the beauty of the pride of the Chaldeans.”
sn The Chaldeans were a group of tribes who lived in southern Mesopotamia. The established the so-called neo-Babylonian empire in the late seventh century
3 tn Heb “and Babylon…will be like the overthrow by God of Sodom and Gomorrah.” On מַהְפֵּכַת (mahpekhat, “overthrow”) see the note on the word “destruction” in 1:7.
4 tn Heb “this people [that] is not.”
5 tn For the meaning of this word, see HALOT 118 s.v. *בַּחוּן.
6 tn Or “laid bare.” For the meaning of this word, see HALOT 889 s.v. ערר.
7 sn This verse probably refers to the Assyrian destruction of Babylon.