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Isaiah 13:19


13:19 Babylon, the most admired 1  of kingdoms,

the Chaldeans’ source of honor and pride, 2 

will be destroyed by God

just as Sodom and Gomorrah were. 3 

Isaiah 23:13


23:13 Look at the land of the Chaldeans,

these people who have lost their identity! 4 

The Assyrians have made it a home for wild animals.

They erected their siege towers, 5 

demolished 6  its fortresses,

and turned it into a heap of ruins. 7 

1 tn Or “most beautiful” (NCV, TEV).

2 tn Heb “the beauty of the pride of the Chaldeans.”

sn The Chaldeans were a group of tribes who lived in southern Mesopotamia. The established the so-called neo-Babylonian empire in the late seventh century b.c. Their most famous king, Nebuchadnezzar, conquered Judah in 605 b.c. and destroyed Jerusalem in 586 b.c.

3 tn Heb “and Babylon…will be like the overthrow by God of Sodom and Gomorrah.” On מַהְפֵּכַת (mahpekhat, “overthrow”) see the note on the word “destruction” in 1:7.

4 tn Heb “this people [that] is not.”

5 tn For the meaning of this word, see HALOT 118 s.v. *בַּחוּן.

6 tn Or “laid bare.” For the meaning of this word, see HALOT 889 s.v. ערר.

7 sn This verse probably refers to the Assyrian destruction of Babylon.

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