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Hebrews 1:4-6

Context
1:4 Thus he became 1  so far better than the angels as 2  he has inherited a name superior to theirs.

The Son Is Superior to Angels

1:5 For to which of the angels did God 3  ever say, “You are my son! Today I have fathered you”? 4  And in another place 5  he says, 6 I will be his father and he will be my son.” 7  1:6 But when he again brings 8  his firstborn into the world, he says, “Let all the angels of God worship him! 9 

1 tn Grk “having become.” This is part of the same sentence that extends from v. 1 through v. 4 in the Greek text.

2 tn Most modern English translations attempt to make the comparison somewhat smoother by treating “name” as if it were the subject of the second element: “as the name he has inherited is superior to theirs” (cf. NAB, NIV, NRSV, CEV). However, the Son is the subject of both the first and second elements: “he became so far better”; “he has inherited a name.” The present translation maintains this parallelism even though it results in a somewhat more awkward rendering.

sn This comparison is somewhat awkward to express in English, but it reflects an important element in the argument of Hebrews: the superiority of Jesus Christ.

3 tn Grk “he”; the referent (God) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

4 tn Grk “I have begotten you.”

sn A quotation from Ps 2:7.

5 tn Grk “And again,” quoting another OT passage.

6 tn The words “he says” are not in the Greek text but are supplied to make a complete English sentence. In the Greek text this is a continuation of the previous sentence, but English does not normally employ such long and complex sentences.

7 tn Grk “I will be a father to him and he will be a son to me.”

sn A quotation from 2 Sam 7:14 (cf. 1 Chr 17:13).

8 tn Or “And again when he brings.” The translation adopted in the text looks forward to Christ’s second coming to earth. Some take “again” to introduce the quotation (as in 1:5) and understand this as Christ’s first coming, but this view does not fit well with Heb 2:7. Others understand it as his exaltation/ascension to heaven, but this takes the phrase “into the world” in an unlikely way.

9 sn A quotation combining themes from Deut 32:43 and Ps 97:7.



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