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Genesis 44:2

44:2 Then put 1  my cup – the silver cup – in the mouth of the youngest one’s sack, along with the money for his grain.” He did as Joseph instructed. 2 

Genesis 44:12

44:12 Then the man 3  searched. He began with the oldest and finished with the youngest. The cup was found in Benjamin’s sack!

Genesis 44:16


44:16 Judah replied, “What can we say 4  to my lord? What can we speak? How can we clear ourselves? 5  God has exposed the sin of your servants! 6  We are now my lord’s slaves, we and the one in whose possession the cup was found.”

1 tn The imperfect verbal form is used here to express Joseph’s instructions.

2 tn Heb “and he did according to the word of Joseph which he spoke.”

3 tn Heb “and he”; the referent (the man who was in charge of Joseph’s household) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

4 tn The imperfect verbal form here indicates the subject’s potential.

5 tn The Hitpael form of the verb צָדֵק (tsadeq) here means “to prove ourselves just, to declare ourselves righteous, to prove our innocence.”

6 sn God has exposed the sin of your servants. The first three questions are rhetorical; Judah is stating that there is nothing they can say to clear themselves. He therefore must conclude that they have been found guilty.

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