37:28 So when the Midianite 1 merchants passed by, Joseph’s brothers pulled 2 him 3 out of the cistern and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver. The Ishmaelites 4 then took Joseph to Egypt.
2 tn Heb “they drew and they lifted up.” The referent (Joseph’s brothers) has been specified in the translation for clarity; otherwise the reader might assume the Midianites had pulled Joseph from the cistern (but cf. NAB).
3 tn Heb “Joseph” (both here and in the following clause); the proper name has been replaced both times by the pronoun “him” in the translation for stylistic reasons.
4 tn Heb “they”; the referent (the Ishmaelites) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
6 tc The MT spells the name of the merchants as מְדָנִים (mÿdanim, “Medanites”) rather than מִדְיָנִים (midyanim, “Midianites”) as in v. 28. It is likely that the MT is corrupt at this point, with the letter yod (י) being accidentally omitted. The LXX, Vulgate, Samaritan Pentateuch, and Syriac read “Midianites” here. Some prefer to read “Medanites” both here and in v. 28, but Judg 8:24, which identifies the Midianites and Ishmaelites, favors the reading “Midianites.”
7 tn Heb “him”; the referent (Joseph) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
8 sn The expression captain of the guard might indicate that Potiphar was the chief executioner.