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Genesis 30:6

Context
30:6 Then Rachel said, “God has vindicated me. He has responded to my prayer 1  and given me a son.” That is why 2  she named him Dan. 3 

Genesis 30:8

Context
30:8 Then Rachel said, “I have fought a desperate struggle with my sister, but I have won.” 4  So she named him Naphtali. 5 

Genesis 30:22

Context

30:22 Then God took note of 6  Rachel. He paid attention to her and enabled her to become pregnant. 7 

1 tn Heb “and also he has heard my voice.” The expression means that God responded positively to Rachel’s cry and granted her request.

2 tn Or “therefore.”

3 sn The name Dan means “he vindicated” or “he judged.” The name plays on the verb used in the statement which appears earlier in the verse. The verb translated “vindicated” is from דִּין (din, “to judge, to vindicate”), the same verbal root from which the name is derived. Rachel sensed that God was righting the wrong.

4 tn Heb “[with] a mighty struggle I have struggled with my sister, also I have prevailed.” The phrase “mighty struggle” reads literally “struggles of God.” The plural participle “struggles” reflects the ongoing nature of the struggle, while the divine name is used here idiomatically to emphasize the intensity of the struggle. See J. Skinner, Genesis (ICC), 387.

5 sn The name Naphtali (נַפְתָּלִי, naftali) must mean something like “my struggle” in view of the statement Rachel made in the preceding clause. The name plays on this earlier statement, “[with] a mighty struggle I have struggled with my sister.”

6 tn Heb “remembered.”

7 tn Heb “and God listened to her and opened up her womb.” Since “God” is the subject of the previous clause, the noun has been replaced by the pronoun “he” in the translation for stylistic reasons



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