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Genesis 30:11-13

Context
30:11 Leah said, “How fortunate!” 1  So she named him Gad. 2 

30:12 Then Leah’s servant Zilpah gave Jacob another son. 3  30:13 Leah said, “How happy I am, 4  for women 5  will call me happy!” So she named him Asher. 6 

Genesis 46:16

Context

46:16 The sons of Gad:

Zephon, 7  Haggi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, and Areli.

Genesis 46:18

Context

46:18 These were the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter. She bore these to Jacob, sixteen in all.

1 tc The statement in the Kethib (consonantal text) appears to mean literally “with good fortune,” if one takes the initial בְּ (bet) as a preposition indicating accompaniment. The Qere (marginal reading) means “good fortune has arrived.”

2 sn The name Gad (גָּד, gad) means “good fortune.” The name reflects Leah’s feeling that good fortune has come her way, as expressed in her statement recorded earlier in the verse.

3 tn Heb “and Zilpah, the servant of Leah, bore a second son for Jacob.”

4 tn The Hebrew statement apparently means “with my happiness.”

5 tn Heb “daughters.”

6 sn The name Asher (אָשֶׁר, ’asher) apparently means “happy one.” The name plays on the words used in the statement which appears earlier in the verse. Both the Hebrew noun and verb translated “happy” and “call me happy,” respectively, are derived from the same root as the name Asher.

7 tc The MT reads “Ziphion,” but see Num 26:15, the Samaritan Pentateuch and the LXX, all of which read “Zephon.”



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