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Genesis 13:4

Context
13:4 This was the place where he had first built the altar, 1  and there Abram worshiped the Lord. 2 

Genesis 13:10

Context

13:10 Lot looked up and saw 3  the whole region 4  of the Jordan. He noticed 5  that all of it was well-watered (before the Lord obliterated 6  Sodom and Gomorrah) 7  like the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt, 8  all the way to Zoar.

Genesis 13:13-14

Context
13:13 (Now 9  the people 10  of Sodom were extremely wicked rebels against the Lord.) 11 

13:14 After Lot had departed, the Lord said to Abram, 12  “Look 13  from the place where you stand to the north, south, east, and west.

Genesis 13:18

Context

13:18 So Abram moved his tents and went to live 14  by the oaks 15  of Mamre in Hebron, and he built an altar to the Lord there.

1 tn Heb “to the place of the altar which he had made there in the beginning” (cf. Gen 12:7-8).

2 tn Heb “he called in the name of the Lord.” The expression refers to worshiping the Lord through prayer and sacrifice (see Gen 4:26; 12:8; 21:33; 26:25). See G. J. Wenham, Genesis (WBC), 1:116, 281.

3 tn Heb “lifted up his eyes and saw.” The expression draws attention to the act of looking, indicating that Lot took a good look. It also calls attention to the importance of what was seen.

4 tn Or “plain”; Heb “circle.”

5 tn The words “he noticed” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.

6 sn Obliterated. The use of the term “destroy” (שַׁחֵת, shakhet) is reminiscent of the Noahic flood (Gen 6:13). Both at the flood and in Sodom the place was obliterated by catastrophe and only one family survived (see C. Westermann, Genesis, 2:178).

7 tn This short temporal clause (preposition + Piel infinitive construct + subjective genitive + direct object) is strategically placed in the middle of the lavish descriptions to sound an ominous note. The entire clause is parenthetical in nature. Most English translations place the clause at the end of v. 10 for stylistic reasons.

8 sn The narrative places emphasis on what Lot saw so that the reader can appreciate how it aroused his desire for the best land. It makes allusion to the garden of the Lord and to the land of Egypt for comparison. Just as the tree in the garden of Eden had awakened Eve’s desire, so the fertile valley attracted Lot. And just as certain memories of Egypt would cause the Israelites to want to turn back and abandon the trek to the promised land, so Lot headed for the good life.

9 tn Here is another significant parenthetical clause in the story, signaled by the vav (וו) disjunctive (translated “now”) on the noun at the beginning of the clause.

10 tn Heb “men.” However, this is generic in sense; it is unlikely that only the male residents of Sodom were sinners.

11 tn Heb “wicked and sinners against the Lord exceedingly.” The description of the sinfulness of the Sodomites is very emphatic. First, two nouns are used to form a hendiadys: “wicked and sinners” means “wicked sinners,” the first word becoming adjectival. The text is saying these were no ordinary sinners; they were wicked sinners, the type that cause pain for others. Then to this phrase is added “against the Lord,” stressing their violation of the laws of heaven and their culpability. Finally, to this is added מְאֹד (mÿod, “exceedingly,” translated here as “extremely”).

12 tn Heb “and the Lord said to Abram after Lot separated himself from with him.” The disjunctive clause at the beginning of the verse signals a new scene.

13 tn Heb “lift up your eyes and see.”

sn Look. Earlier Lot “looked up” (v. 10), but here Abram is told by God to do so. The repetition of the expression (Heb “lift up the eyes”) here underscores how the Lord will have the last word and actually do for Abram what Abram did for Lot – give him the land. It seems to be one of the ways that God rewards faith.

14 tn Heb “he came and lived.”

15 tn Or “terebinths.”



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