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Genesis 13:18


13:18 So Abram moved his tents and went to live 1  by the oaks 2  of Mamre in Hebron, and he built an altar to the Lord there.

Genesis 14:13


14:13 A fugitive 3  came and told Abram the Hebrew. 4  Now Abram was living by the oaks 5  of Mamre the Amorite, the brother 6  of Eshcol and Aner. (All these were allied by treaty 7  with Abram.) 8 

Genesis 18:1

Three Special Visitors

18:1 The Lord appeared to Abraham 9  by the oaks 10  of Mamre while 11  he was sitting at the entrance 12  to his tent during the hottest time of the day.

Genesis 12:6


12:6 Abram traveled through the land as far as the oak tree 13  of Moreh 14  at Shechem. 15  (At that time the Canaanites were in the land.) 16 

1 tn Heb “he came and lived.”

2 tn Or “terebinths.”

3 tn Heb “the fugitive.” The article carries a generic force or indicates that this fugitive is definite in the mind of the speaker.

4 sn E. A. Speiser (Genesis [AB], 103) suggests that part of this chapter came from an outside source since it refers to Abram the Hebrew. That is not impossible, given that the narrator likely utilized traditions and genealogies that had been collected and transmitted over the years. The meaning of the word “Hebrew” has proved elusive. It may be related to the verb “to cross over,” perhaps meaning “immigrant.” Or it might be derived from the name of Abram’s ancestor Eber (see Gen 11:14-16).

5 tn Or “terebinths.”

6 tn Or “a brother”; or “a relative”; or perhaps “an ally.”

7 tn Heb “possessors of a treaty with.” Since it is likely that the qualifying statement refers to all three (Mamre, Eshcol, and Aner) the words “all these” have been supplied in the translation to make this clear.

8 tn This parenthetical disjunctive clause explains how Abram came to be living in their territory, but it also explains why they must go to war with Abram.

9 tn Heb “him”; the referent (Abraham) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

10 tn Or “terebinths.”

11 tn The disjunctive clause here is circumstantial to the main clause.

12 tn The Hebrew noun translated “entrance” is an adverbial accusative of place.

13 tn Or “terebinth.”

14 sn The Hebrew word Moreh (מוֹרֶה, moreh) means “teacher.” It may well be that the place of this great oak tree was a Canaanite shrine where instruction took place.

15 tn Heb “as far as the place of Shechem, as far as the oak of Moreh.”

16 tn The disjunctive clause gives important information parenthetical in nature – the promised land was occupied by Canaanites.

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