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Genesis 12:7

Context
12:7 The Lord appeared to Abram and said, “To your descendants 1  I will give this land.” So Abram 2  built an altar there to the Lord, who had appeared to him.

Genesis 13:14-15

Context

13:14 After Lot had departed, the Lord said to Abram, 3  “Look 4  from the place where you stand to the north, south, east, and west. 13:15 I will give all the land that you see to you and your descendants 5  forever.

Genesis 13:17

Context
13:17 Get up and 6  walk throughout 7  the land, 8  for I will give it to you.”

Genesis 15:18-21

Context
15:18 That day the Lord made a covenant 9  with Abram: “To your descendants I give 10  this land, from the river of Egypt 11  to the great river, the Euphrates River – 15:19 the land 12  of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, 15:20 Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites, 15:21 Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites, and Jebusites.” 13 

1 tn The same Hebrew term זֶרַע (zera’) may mean “seed” (for planting), “offspring” (occasionally of animals, but usually of people), or “descendants” depending on the context.

2 tn Heb “he”; the referent (Abram) has been supplied in the translation for clarification.

3 tn Heb “and the Lord said to Abram after Lot separated himself from with him.” The disjunctive clause at the beginning of the verse signals a new scene.

4 tn Heb “lift up your eyes and see.”

sn Look. Earlier Lot “looked up” (v. 10), but here Abram is told by God to do so. The repetition of the expression (Heb “lift up the eyes”) here underscores how the Lord will have the last word and actually do for Abram what Abram did for Lot – give him the land. It seems to be one of the ways that God rewards faith.

5 tn Heb “for all the land which you see to you I will give it and to your descendants.”

6 tn The connective “and” is not present in the Hebrew text; it has been supplied for purposes of English style.

7 tn The Hitpael form הִתְהַלֵּךְ (hithallekh) means “to walk about”; it also can carry the ideas of moving about, traversing, going back and forth, or living in an area. It here has the connotation of traversing the land to survey it, to look it over.

8 tn Heb “the land to its length and to its breadth.” This phrase has not been included in the translation because it is somewhat redundant (see the note on the word “throughout” in this verse).

9 tn Heb “cut a covenant.”

10 tn The perfect verbal form is understood as instantaneous (“I here and now give”). Another option is to understand it as rhetorical, indicating certitude (“I have given” meaning it is as good as done, i.e., “I will surely give”).

sn To your descendants I give this land. The Lord here unconditionally promises that Abram’s descendants will possess the land, but he does not yet ratify his earlier promises to give Abram a multitude of descendants and eternal possession of the land. The fulfillment of those aspects of the promise remain conditional (see Gen 17:1-8) and are ratified after Abraham offers up his son Isaac (see Gen 22:1-19). For a fuller discussion see R. B. Chisholm, “Evidence from Genesis,” A Case for Premillennialism, 35-54.

11 sn The river of Egypt is a wadi (a seasonal stream) on the northeastern border of Egypt, not to the River Nile.

12 tn The words “the land” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.

13 tn Each of the names in the list has the Hebrew definite article, which is used here generically for the class of people identified.



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