2:4 Now this matter arose 1 because of the false brothers with false pretenses 2 who slipped in unnoticed to spy on 3 our freedom that we have in Christ Jesus, to make us slaves. 4 2:5 But 5 we did not surrender to them 6 even for a moment, 7 in order that the truth of the gospel would remain with you. 8
2:14 But when I saw that they were not behaving consistently with the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas 14 in front of them all, “If you, although you are a Jew, live like a Gentile and not like a Jew, how can you try to force 15 the Gentiles to live like Jews?”
2 tn The adjective παρεισάκτους (pareisaktou"), which relates to someone joining a group with false motives or false pretenses, applies to the “false brothers.” Although the expression “false brothers with false pretenses” is somewhat redundant, it captures the emphatic force of Paul’s expression, which labels both these “brothers” as false (ψευδαδέλφους, yeudadelfou") as well as their motives. See L&N 34.29 for more information.
3 tn The verb translated here as “spy on” (κατασκοπέω, kataskopew) can have a neutral nuance, but here the connotation is certainly negative (so F. F. Bruce, Galatians [NIGTC], 112-13, and E. Burton, Galatians [ICC], 83).
4 tn Grk “in order that they might enslave us.” The ἵνα (Jina) clause with the subjunctive verb καταδουλώσουσιν (katadoulwsousin) has been translated as an English infinitival clause.
5 tn Grk “slaves, nor did we…” Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, οὐδέ (oude) was translated as “But…even” and a new sentence started in the translation at the beginning of v. 5.
6 tn Or “we did not cave in to their demands.”
7 tn Grk “even for an hour” (an idiom for a very short period of time).
8 sn In order that the truth of the gospel would remain with you. Paul evidently viewed the demands of the so-called “false brothers” as a departure from the truth contained in the gospel he preached. This was a very serious charge (see Gal 1:8).
9 tn Or “influential leaders.” BDAG 255 s.v. δοκέω 2.a.β has “the influential men Gal 2:2, 6b. A fuller expr. w. the same mng., w. inf. added…vss. 6a, 9.” This refers to the leadership of the Jerusalem church.
10 tn Grk “God does not receive the face of man,” an idiom for showing favoritism or partiality (BDAG 887-88 s.v. πρόσωπον 1.b.α; L&N 88.238).
11 tn Or “influential people”; here “leaders” was used rather than “people” for stylistic reasons, to avoid redundancy with the word “people” in the previous parenthetical remark. See also the note on the word “influential” at the beginning of this verse.
13 tn Or “added nothing to my authority.” Grk “added nothing to me,” with what was added (“message,” etc.) implied.
14 sn Cephas. This individual is generally identified with the Apostle Peter (L&N 93.211).
15 tn Here ἀναγκάζεις (anankazei") has been translated as a conative present (see ExSyn 534).