1:13 For you have heard of my former way of life 1 in Judaism, how I was savagely persecuting the church of God and trying to destroy it. 1:14 I 2 was advancing in Judaism beyond many of my contemporaries in my nation, 3 and was 4 extremely zealous for the traditions of my ancestors. 5
1 tn Or “lifestyle,” “behavior.”
2 tn Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation. Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.
3 tn Or “among my race.”
4 tn Grk “was advancing beyond…nation, being.” The participle ὑπάρχων (Juparcwn) was translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style.
5 sn The traditions of my ancestors refers to both Pharisaic and popular teachings of this time which eventually were codified in Jewish literature such as the Mishnah, Midrashim, and Targums.