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Ezekiel 34:23-31

Context

34:23 I will set one shepherd over them, and he will feed them – namely, my servant David. 1  He will feed them and will be their shepherd. 34:24 I, the Lord, will be their God, and my servant David will be prince 2  among them; I, the Lord, have spoken!

34:25 “‘I will make a covenant of peace with them and will rid the land of wild beasts, so that they can live securely 3  in the wilderness and even sleep in the woods. 4  34:26 I will turn them and the regions around my hill into a blessing. I will make showers come down in their season; they will be showers that bring blessing. 5  34:27 The trees of the field will yield their fruit and the earth will yield its crops. They will live securely on their land; they will know that I am the Lord, when I break the bars of their yoke and rescue them from the hand of those who enslaved them. 34:28 They will no longer be prey for the nations and the wild beasts will not devour them. They will live securely and no one will make them afraid. 34:29 I will prepare for them a healthy 6  planting. They will no longer be victims 7  of famine in the land and will no longer bear the insults of the nations. 34:30 Then they will know that I, the Lord their God, am with them, 8  and that they are my people, the house of Israel, declares the sovereign Lord. 9  34:31 And you, my sheep, the sheep of my pasture, are my people, 10  and I am your God, declares the sovereign Lord.’”

1 sn The messianic king is here called “David” (see Jer 30:9 and Hos 3:5, as well as Isa 11:1 and Mic 5:2) because he will fulfill the Davidic royal ideal depicted in the prophets and royal psalms (see Ps 2, 89).

2 sn The messianic king (“David”) is called both “king” and “prince” in 37:24-25. The use of the term “prince” for this king facilitates the contrast between this ideal ruler and the Davidic “princes” denounced in earlier prophecies (see 7:27; 12:10, 12; 19:1; 21:25; 22:6, 25).

3 tn The phrase “live securely” occurs in Ezek 28:26; 38:8, 11, 14; 39:26 as an expression of freedom from fear. It is a promised blessing resulting from obedience (see Lev 26:5-6).

4 sn The woods were typically considered to be places of danger (Ps 104:20-21; Jer 5:6).

5 tn Heb “showers of blessing.” Abundant rain, which in turn produces fruit and crops (v. 27), is a covenantal blessing for obedience (Lev 26:4).

6 tc The MT reads לְשֵׁם (lÿshem, “for a name”), meaning perhaps a renowned planting (place). The translation takes this to be a metathesis of שָׁלֹם (shalom) as was read by the LXX.

7 tn Heb “those gathered” for famine.

8 sn A promise given to Abraham (Gen 15:7) and his descendants (Gen 15:8; Exod 6:7).

9 sn The blessings described in vv. 25-30 are those promised for obedience in Lev 26:4-13.

10 tn Heb, “the sheep of my pasture, you are human.” See 36:37-38 for a similar expression. The possessive pronoun “my” is supplied in the translation to balance “I am your God” in the next clause.



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