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Ezekiel 18:5-9

Context

18:5 “Suppose a man is righteous. He practices what is just and right, 18:6 does not eat pagan sacrifices on the mountains 1  or pray to the idols 2  of the house of Israel, does not defile his neighbor’s wife, does not have sexual relations with a 3  woman during her period, 18:7 does not oppress anyone, but gives the debtor back whatever was given in pledge, 4  does not commit robbery, 5  but gives his bread to the hungry and clothes the naked, 18:8 does not engage in usury or charge interest, 6  but refrains 7  from wrongdoing, promotes true justice 8  between men, 18:9 and follows my statutes and observes my regulations by carrying them out. 9  That man 10  is righteous; he will certainly live, 11  declares the sovereign Lord.

1 tn Heb, “on the mountains he does not eat.” The mountains are often mentioned as the place where idolatrous sacrifices were eaten (Ezek 20:28; 22:9; 34:6).

2 tn Heb, “does not lift up his eyes.” This refers to looking to idols for help.

3 tn Heb, “does not draw near to.” “Draw near” is a euphemism for sexual intercourse (Lev 18:14; Deut 22:14; Isa 8:3).

4 tn Heb “restores to the debtor his pledge.” The root occurs in Exod 22:25 in reference to restoring a man’s garment as a pledge before nightfall.

5 tn The Hebrew term refers to seizure of property, usually by the rich (Isa 3:14; 10:2; Mic 2:2 [see Lev 5:21, 22]).

6 sn This law was given in Lev 25:36.

7 tn Heb, “turns back his hand.”

8 tn Heb “justice of truth.”

9 tc The MT reads לַעֲשׂוֹת אֱמֶת (laasotemet, “to do with integrity”), while the LXX reads “to do them,” presupposing לַעֲשׂוֹת אֹתָם (laasototam). The ם (mem) and ת (tav) have been reversed in the MT. The LXX refelcts the original, supported by similar phrasing in Ezekiel 11:20; 20:19.

10 tn Heb “he.”

11 tn Heb “living, he will live.” The infinitive absolute precedes the finite verb for emphasis.



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