17:11 Then the word of the Lord came to me: 17:12 “Say to the rebellious house of Israel: 1 ‘Don’t you know what these things mean?’ 2 Say: ‘See here, the king of Babylon came to Jerusalem 3 and took her king and her officials prisoner and brought them to himself in Babylon. 17:13 He took one from the royal family, 4 made a treaty with him, and put him under oath. 5 He then took the leaders of the land 17:14 so it would be a lowly kingdom which could not rise on its own but must keep its treaty with him in order to stand. 17:15 But this one from Israel’s royal family 6 rebelled against the king of Babylon 7 by sending his emissaries to Egypt to obtain horses and a large army. Will he prosper? Will the one doing these things escape? Can he break the covenant and escape?
17:16 “‘As surely as I live, declares the sovereign Lord, surely in the city 8 of the king who crowned him, whose oath he despised and whose covenant he broke – in the middle of Babylon he will die! 17:17 Pharaoh with his great army and mighty horde will not help 9 him in battle, when siege ramps are erected and siege-walls are built to kill many people. 17:18 He despised the oath by breaking the covenant. Take note 10 – he gave his promise 11 and did all these things – he will not escape!
1 tn The words “of Israel” are not in the Hebrew text, but are supplied in the translation as a clarification of the referent.
sn The book of Ezekiel frequently refers to the Israelites as a rebellious house (Ezek 2:5, 6, 8; 3:9, 26-27; 12:2-3, 9, 25; 17:12; 24:3).
2 sn The narrative description of this interpretation of the riddle is given in 2 Kgs 24:11-15.
3 map For location see Map5-B1; Map6-F3; Map7-E2; Map8-F2; Map10-B3; JP1-F4; JP2-F4; JP3-F4; JP4-F4.
4 tn Or “descendants”; Heb “seed” (cf. v. 5).
5 tn Heb “caused him to enter into an oath.”
6 tn Heb “he”; the referent (the member of the royal family, v. 13) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
7 tn Heb “him”; the referent (the king of Babylon) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
8 tn Heb “place.”
9 tn Heb “deal with” or “work with.”
10 tn The word הִנֵּה (hinneh, traditionally “behold”) indicates being aware of or taking notice of something.
11 sn Heb “hand.” “Giving one’s hand” is a gesture of promise (2 Kgs 10:15).