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Exodus 31:18

Context

31:18 He gave Moses two tablets of testimony when he had finished speaking with him on Mount Sinai, tablets of stone written by the finger of God. 1 

Exodus 32:16

Context
32:16 Now the tablets were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, engraved on the tablets.

Exodus 34:28

Context
34:28 So he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights; 2  he did not eat bread, and he did not drink water. He wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the ten commandments. 3 

1 sn The expression “the finger of God” has come up before in the book, in the plagues (Exod 8:15) to express that it was a demonstration of the power and authority of God. So here too the commandments given to Moses on stone tablets came from God. It too is a bold anthropomorphism; to attribute such a material action to Yahweh would have been thought provoking to say the least. But by using “God” and by stating it in an obviously figurative way, balance is maintained. Since no one writes with one finger, the expression simply says that the Law came directly from God.

2 tn These too are adverbial in relation to the main clause, telling how long Moses was with Yahweh on the mountain.

3 tn Heb “the ten words,” though “commandments” is traditional.



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