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Exodus 28:9-11

Context

28:9 “You are to take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel, 1  28:10 six 2  of their names on one stone, and the six remaining names on the second stone, according to the order of their birth. 3  28:11 You are to engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel with the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a seal; 4  you are to have them set 5  in gold filigree 6  settings.

1 tn Although this is normally translated “Israelites,” here a more literal translation is clearer because it refers to the names of the twelve tribes – the actual sons of Israel.

2 tn This is in apposition to the direct object of the verb “engrave.” It further defines how the names were to be engraved – six on one and the other six on the other.

3 tn Heb “according to their begettings” (the major word in the book of Genesis). What is meant is that the names would be listed in the order of their ages.

4 sn Expert stone or gem engravers were used to engrave designs and names in identification seals of various sizes. It was work that skilled artisans did.

5 tn Or “you will mount them” (NRSV similar).

6 tn Or “rosettes,” shield-like frames for the stones. The Hebrew word means “to plait, checker.”



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