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Exodus 27:9-19

Context
The Courtyard

27:9 “You are to make the courtyard 1  of the tabernacle. For the south side 2  there are to be hangings 3  for the courtyard of fine twisted linen, one hundred fifty feet long for one side, 4  27:10 with 5  twenty posts and their twenty bronze bases, with the hooks of the posts and their bands of silver. 27:11 Likewise 6  for its length on the north side, there are to be 7  hangings for one hundred fifty feet, with twenty posts and their twenty bronze bases, with silver hooks and bands 8  on the posts. 27:12 The width of the court on the west side is to be seventy-five feet with hangings, with their ten posts and their ten bases. 27:13 The width of the court on the east side, toward the sunrise, is to be seventy-five feet. 27:14 The hangings on one side 9  of the gate are to be 10  twenty-two and a half feet long, with their three posts and their three bases. 27:15 On the second side 11  there are to be 12  hangings twenty-two and a half feet long, with their three posts and their three bases. 27:16 For the gate of the courtyard there is to be a curtain of thirty feet, of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn and fine twined linen, the work of an embroiderer, with four posts and their four bases. 27:17 All the posts around the courtyard are to have silver bands; 13  their hooks are to be 14  silver, and their bases bronze. 27:18 The length of the courtyard is to be one hundred fifty feet 15  and the width seventy-five feet, 16  and the height of the fine twisted linen hangings 17  is to be 18  seven and a half feet, with their bronze bases. 27:19 All 19  the utensils of the tabernacle used 20  in all its service, all its tent pegs, and all the tent pegs of the courtyard are to be made of bronze. 21 

Exodus 38:9-31

Context
The Construction of the Courtyard

38:9 He made the courtyard. For the south side 22  the hangings of the courtyard were of fine twisted linen, one hundred fifty feet long, 38:10 with 23  their twenty posts and their twenty bronze bases, with the hooks of the posts and their bands of silver. 38:11 For the north side the hangings were 24  one hundred fifty feet, with their twenty posts and their twenty bronze bases, with the hooks of the posts and their bands of silver. 38:12 For the west side there were 25  hangings seventy-five feet long, with 26  their ten posts and their ten bases, with the hooks of the posts and their bands of silver. 38:13 For the east side, toward the sunrise, it was seventy-five feet wide, 27  38:14 with hangings on one side 28  of the gate that were twenty-two and a half feet long, with their three posts and their three bases, 38:15 and for the second side of the gate of the courtyard, just like the other, 29  the hangings were twenty-two and a half feet long, with their three posts and their three bases. 38:16 All the hangings around the courtyard were of fine twisted linen. 38:17 The bases for the posts were bronze. The hooks of the posts and their bands were silver, their tops were overlaid with silver, and all the posts of the courtyard had silver bands. 30  38:18 The curtain 31  for the gate of the courtyard was of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn and fine twisted linen, the work of an embroiderer. It was thirty feet long, and like the hangings in the courtyard, it was seven and a half feet high, 38:19 with four posts and their four bronze bases. Their hooks and their bands were silver, and their tops were overlaid with silver. 38:20 All the tent pegs of the tabernacle and of the courtyard all around were bronze.

The Materials of the Construction

38:21 This is the inventory 32  of the tabernacle, the tabernacle of the testimony, which was counted 33  by the order 34  of Moses, being the work 35  of the Levites under the direction 36  of Ithamar, son of Aaron the priest. 38:22 Now Bezalel son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, made everything that the Lord had commanded Moses; 38:23 and with him was Oholiab son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, an artisan, a designer, and an embroiderer in blue, purple, and scarlet yarn and fine linen.

38:24 All the gold that was used for the work, in all the work of the sanctuary 37  (namely, 38  the gold of the wave offering) was twenty-nine talents and 730 shekels, 39  according to the sanctuary shekel.

38:25 The silver of those who were numbered of the community was one hundred talents and 1,775 shekels, 40  according to the sanctuary shekel, 38:26 one beka per person, that is, a half shekel, 41  according to the sanctuary shekel, for everyone who crossed over to those numbered, from twenty years old or older, 42  603,550 in all. 43  38:27 The one hundred talents of silver were used for casting the bases of the sanctuary and the bases of the special curtain – one hundred bases for one hundred talents, one talent per base. 38:28 From the remaining 1,775 shekels 44  he made hooks for the posts, overlaid their tops, and made bands for them.

38:29 The bronze of the wave offering was seventy talents and 2,400 shekels. 45  38:30 With it he made the bases for the door of the tent of meeting, the bronze altar, the bronze grating for it, and all the utensils of the altar, 38:31 the bases for the courtyard all around, the bases for the gate of the courtyard, all the tent pegs of the tabernacle, and all the tent pegs of the courtyard all around. 46 

1 tn Or “enclosure” (TEV).

2 tn Heb “south side southward.”

3 tn Or “curtains.”

4 sn The entire courtyard of 150 feet by 75 feet was to be enclosed by a curtain wall held up with posts in bases. All these hangings were kept in place by a cord and tent pegs.

5 tn Heb “and.”

6 tn Heb “and thus.”

7 tn Here the phrase “there will be” has been supplied.

8 sn These bands have been thought by some to refer to connecting rods joining the tops of the posts. But it is more likely that they are bands or bind rings surrounding the posts at the base of the capitals (see 38:17).

9 tn The word literally means “shoulder.” The next words, “of the gate,” have been supplied here and in v. 15. The east end would contain the courtyard’s entry with a wall of curtains on each side of the entry (see v. 16).

10 tn Here “will be” has been supplied.

11 tn Heb “shoulder.”

12 tn Here the phrase “there will be” has been supplied.

13 tn The text uses the passive participle here: they are to “be filleted with silver” or “bound round” with silver.

14 tn Here the phrase “are to be” has been supplied.

15 tn Heb “a hundred cubits.”

16 tn Heb “fifty.” The text has “and the width fifty [cubits] with fifty.” This means that it is fifty cubits wide on the western end and fifty cubits wide on the eastern end.

17 tn Here “hangings” has been supplied.

18 tn Here the phrase “is to be” has been supplied.

19 tn Heb “to all”; for use of the preposition lamed (ל) to show inclusion (all belonging to) see GKC 458 §143.e.

20 tn Here “used” has been supplied.

21 sn The tabernacle is an important aspect of OT theology. The writer’s pattern so far has been: ark, table, lamp, and then their container (the tabernacle); then the altar and its container (the courtyard). The courtyard is the place of worship where the people could gather – they entered God’s courts. Though the courtyard may not seem of much interest to current readers, it did interest the Israelites. Here the sacrifices were made, the choirs sang, the believers offered their praises, they had their sins forgiven, they came to pray, they appeared on the holy days, and they heard from God. It was sacred because God met them there; they left the “world” (figuratively speaking) and came into the very presence of God.

22 tn Heb “south side southward.”

23 tn While this verse could be translated as an independent sentence, it is probably to be subordinated as a circumstantial clause in line with Exod 27:10-12, as well as v. 12 of this passage.

24 tn Here the phrase “the hangings were” has been supplied.

25 tn The phrase “there were” has been supplied.

26 tn The text simply has “their posts ten and their bases ten”; this may be added here as a circumstantial clause with the main sentence in order to make sense out of the construction.

27 tn The text simply says “seventy-five feet.”

28 tn The word literally means “shoulder.” The next words, “of the gate,” have been supplied here. The east end contained the courtyard’s entry with a wall of curtains on each side of the entry (see v. 15).

29 tn Heb “from this and from this” (cf, 17:12; 25:19; 26:13; 32:15; Josh 8:22, 33; 1 Kgs 10:19-20; Ezek 45:7).

30 tn Heb “they were banded with silver.”

31 tn This word is different from the word for hangings; it has more of the idea of a screen, shielding or securing the area.

32 tn The Hebrew word is פְּקוּדֵי (pÿqude), which in a slavishly literal way would be “visitations of” the tabernacle. But the word often has the idea of “numbering” or “appointing” as well. Here it is an accounting or enumeration of the materials that people brought, so the contemporary term “inventory” is a close approximation. By using this Hebrew word there is also the indication that whatever was given, i.e., appointed for the tabernacle, was changed forever in its use. This is consistent with this Hebrew root, which does have a sense of changing the destiny of someone (“God will surely visit you”). The list in this section will also be tied to the numbering of the people.

33 tn The same verb is used here, but now in the Pual perfect tense, third masculine singular. A translation “was numbered” or “was counted” works. The verb is singular because it refers to the tabernacle as a unit. This section will list what made up the tabernacle.

34 tn Heb “at/by the mouth of.”

35 tn The noun is “work” or “service.” S. R. Driver explains that the reckonings were not made for the Levites, but that they were the work of the Levites, done by them under the direction of Ithamar (Exodus, 393).

36 tn Heb “by the hand of.”

37 tn These words form the casus pendens, or independent nominative absolute, followed by the apodosis beginning with the vav (ו; see U. Cassuto, Exodus, 469).

38 tn Heb “and it was.”

39 sn There were 3000 shekels in a talent, and so the total weight here in shekels would be 87,730 shekels of gold. If the sanctuary shekel was 224 grs., then this was about 40,940 oz. troy. This is estimated to be a little over a ton (cf. NCV “over 2,000 pounds”; TEV “a thousand kilogrammes”; CEV “two thousand two hundred nine pounds”; NLT “about 2,200 pounds”), although other widely diverging estimates are also given.

40 sn This would be a total of 301,775 shekels (about 140,828 oz), being a half shekel exacted per person from 605,550 male Israelites 20 years old or more (Num 1:46). The amount is estimated to be around 3.75 tons.

41 sn The weight would be about half an ounce.

42 tn Heb “upward.”

43 tn The phrase “in all” has been supplied.

44 tn Here the word “shekels” is understood; about 45 pounds.

45 sn The total shekels would have been 212,400 shekels, which would be about 108,749 oz. This would make about 2.5 to 3 tons.

46 sn The bronze altar is the altar for the burnt offering; the large bronze basin is not included here in the list.



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