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Exodus 22:23

Context
22:23 If you afflict them 1  in any way 2  and they cry to me, I will surely hear 3  their cry,

Exodus 22:27

Context
22:27 for it is his only covering – it is his garment for his body. 4  What else can he sleep in? 5  And 6  when he cries out to me, I will hear, for I am gracious.

1 tn The accusative here is the masculine singular pronoun, which leads S. R. Driver to conclude that this line is out of place, even though the masculine singular can be used in places like this (Exodus, 232). U. Cassuto says its use is to refer to certain classes (Exodus, 292).

2 tn Here again and with “cry” the infinitive absolute functions with a diminished emphasis (GKC 342-43 §113.o).

3 tn Here is the normal use of the infinitive absolute with the imperfect tense to emphasize the verb: “I will surely hear,” implying, “I will surely respond.”

4 tn Heb “his skin.”

5 tn Literally the text reads, “In what can he lie down?” The cloak would be used for a covering at night to use when sleeping. The garment, then, was the property that could not be taken and not given back – it was the last possession. The modern idiom of “the shirt off his back” gets at the point being made here.

6 tn Heb “and it will be.”



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