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Esther 3:1

Context
Haman Conspires to Destroy the Jews

3:1 Some time later 1  King Ahasuerus promoted 2  Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, exalting him and setting his position 3  above that of all the officials who were with him.

Esther 3:10

Context

3:10 So the king removed his signet ring 4  from his hand and gave it to Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, who was hostile toward the Jews.

Esther 8:3

Context

8:3 Then Esther again spoke with the king, falling at his feet. She wept and begged him for mercy, that he might nullify the evil of Haman the Agagite which he had intended against the Jews. 5 

Esther 8:5

Context

8:5 She said, “If the king is so inclined and if I have met with his approval and if the matter is agreeable to the king and if I am attractive to him, let an edict be written rescinding those recorded intentions of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, 6  which he wrote in order to destroy the Jews who are throughout all the king’s provinces.

1 tn Heb “after these things” (so KJV, ASV); NAB, NASB, NIV “After these events.”

2 tn Heb “made great”; NAB “raised…to high rank”; NIV “honored.”

sn The promotion of Haman in 3:1 for reasons unexplained contrasts noticeably with 2:19-23, where Mordecai’s contribution to saving the king’s life goes unnoticed. The irony is striking.

3 tn Heb “chair”; KJV, NRSV “seat”; NASB “established his authority.”

4 sn Possessing the king’s signet ring would enable Haman to act with full royal authority. The king’s ring would be used to impress the royal seal on edicts, making them as binding as if the king himself had enacted them.

5 sn As in 7:4 Esther avoids implicating the king in this plot. Instead Haman is given sole responsibility for the plan to destroy the Jews.

6 tc The LXX does not include the expression “the Agagite.”



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