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Deuteronomy 32:3-4


32:3 For I will proclaim the name 1  of the Lord;

you must acknowledge the greatness of our God.

32:4 As for the Rock, 2  his work is perfect,

for all his ways are just.

He is a reliable God who is never unjust,

he is fair 3  and upright.

Deuteronomy 32:18


32:18 You have forgotten 4  the Rock who fathered you,

and put out of mind the God who gave you birth.

Deuteronomy 32:30-31


32:30 How can one man chase a thousand of them, 5 

and two pursue ten thousand;

unless their Rock had delivered them up, 6 

and the Lord had handed them over?

32:31 For our enemies’ 7  rock is not like our Rock,

as even our enemies concede.

1 tc Smr and Tg read “in the name.”

2 tc The LXX reads Θεός (qeos, “God”) for the MT’s “Rock.”

sn The Hebrew term depicts God as a rocky summit where one may find safety and protection. Within a covenantal context it serves as a reminder to the people that their God has committed himself to their protection in return for their allegiance.

3 tn Or “just” (KJV, NAB, NRSV, NLT) or “righteous” (NASB).

4 tc The Hebrew text is corrupt here; the translation follows the suggestion offered in HALOT 1477 s.v. שׁיה. Cf. NASB, NLT “You neglected”; NIV “You deserted”; NRSV “You were unmindful of.”

5 tn The words “man” and “of them” are not in the Hebrew text, but are supplied in the translation for clarity.

6 tn Heb “sold them” (so NAB, NIV, NRSV, NLT).

7 tn Heb “their,” but the referent (enemies) is specified in the translation for the sake of clarity.

TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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