31:14 Then the Lord said to Moses, “The day of your death is near. Summon Joshua and present yourselves in the tent 1 of meeting 2 so that I can commission him.” 3 So Moses and Joshua presented themselves in the tent of meeting. 31:15 The Lord appeared in the tent in a pillar of cloud that 4 stood above the door of the tent. 31:16 Then the Lord said to Moses, “You are about to die, 5 and then these people will begin to prostitute themselves with the foreign gods of the land into which they 6 are going. They 7 will reject 8 me and break my covenant that I have made with them. 9 31:17 At that time 10 my anger will erupt against them 11 and I will abandon them and hide my face from them until they are devoured. Many disasters and distresses will overcome 12 them 13 so that they 14 will say at that time, ‘Have not these disasters 15 overcome us 16 because our 17 God is not among us 18 ?’ 31:18 But I will certainly 19 hide myself at that time because of all the wickedness they 20 will have done by turning to other gods. 31:19 Now write down for yourselves the following song and teach it to the Israelites. Put it into their very mouths so that this song may serve as my witness against the Israelites! 31:20 For after I have brought them 21 to the land I promised to their 22 ancestors – one flowing with milk and honey – and they 23 eat their fill 24 and become fat, then they 25 will turn to other gods and worship them; they will reject me and break my covenant. 31:21 Then when 26 many disasters and distresses overcome them 27 this song will testify against them, 28 for their 29 descendants will not forget it. 30 I know the 31 intentions they have in mind 32 today, even before I bring them 33 to the land I have promised.” 31:22 So on that day Moses wrote down this song and taught it to the Israelites, 31:23 and the Lord 34 commissioned Joshua son of Nun, “Be strong and courageous, for you will take the Israelites to the land I have promised them, and I will be with you.” 35
31:24 When Moses finished writing on a scroll the words of this law in their entirety, 31:25 he 36 commanded the Levites who carried the ark of the Lord’s covenant, 31:26 “Take this scroll of the law and place it beside the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God. It will remain there as a witness against you, 31:27 for I know about your rebellion and stubbornness. 37 Indeed, even while I have been living among you to this very day, you have rebelled against the Lord; you will be even more rebellious after my death! 38 31:28 Gather to me all your tribal elders and officials so I can speak to them directly about these things and call the heavens and the earth to witness against them. 31:29 For I know that after I die you will totally 39 corrupt yourselves and turn away from the path I have commanded you to walk. Disaster will confront you in the days to come because you will act wickedly 40 before the Lord, inciting him to anger because of your actions.” 41
2 tn Heb “tent of assembly” (מוֹעֵד אֹהֶל, ’ohel mo’ed); this is not always the same as the tabernacle, which is usually called מִשְׁכָּן (mishkan, “dwelling-place”), a reference to its being invested with God’s presence. The “tent of meeting” was erected earlier than the tabernacle and was the place where Yahweh occasionally appeared, especially to Moses (cf. Exod 18:7-16; 33:7-11; Num 11:16, 24, 26; 12:4).
3 tn Heb “I will command him.”
4 tn Heb “and the pillar of cloud.” This phrase was not repeated in the translation; a relative clause was used instead.
5 tn Heb “lie down with your fathers” (so NASB); NRSV “ancestors.”
6 tn Heb “he.” Smr, LXX, and the Targums read the plural “they,” which is necessary in any case in the translation because of contemporary English style. The third person singular also occurs in the Hebrew text twice more in this verse, three times in v. 17, once in v. 18, five times in v. 20, and four times in v. 21. Each time it is translated as third person plural for stylistic reasons.
8 tn Or “abandon” (TEV, NLT).
12 tn Heb “find,” “encounter.”
15 tn Heb “evils.”
16 tn Heb “me.” Smr, LXX, and the Targums read the plural “us,” which is necessary in any case in the translation because of contemporary English style.
17 tn Heb “my.”
18 tn Heb “me.” Smr, LXX, and the Targums read the plural “us,” which is necessary in any case in the translation because of contemporary English style.
19 tn The Hebrew text uses the infinitive absolute for emphasis, which the translation indicates with “certainly.”
24 tn Heb “and are satisfied.”
26 tn Heb “Then it will come to pass that.”
30 tn Heb “it will not be forgotten from the mouth of his seed.”
32 tn Heb “which he is doing.”
34 tn Heb “he.” Since the pronoun could be taken to refer to Moses, the referent has been specified as “the
35 tc The LXX reads, “as the
36 tn Heb “Moses.” The pronoun has been used in the translation for stylistic reasons to avoid redundancy.
38 tn Heb “How much more after my death?” The Hebrew text has a sarcastic rhetorical question here; the translation seeks to bring out the force of the question.
39 tn The Hebrew text uses the infinitive absolute for emphasis, which the translation indicates with “totally.”
40 tn Heb “do the evil.”
41 tn Heb “the work of your hands.”