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Deuteronomy 2:11

Context
2:11 These people, as well as the Anakites, are also considered Rephaites; 1  the Moabites call them Emites.

Deuteronomy 2:20

Context

2:20 (That also is considered to be a land of the Rephaites. 2  The Rephaites lived there originally; the Ammonites call them Zamzummites. 3 

Deuteronomy 3:13

Context
3:13 The rest of Gilead and all of Bashan, the kingdom of Og, I gave to half the tribe of Manasseh. 4  (All the region of Argob, 5  that is, all Bashan, is called the land of Rephaim.

1 sn Rephaites. The earliest reference to this infamous giant race is, again, in the story of the invasion of the eastern kings (Gen 14:5). They lived around Ashteroth Karnaim, probably modern Tell Ashtarah (cf. Deut 1:4), in the Bashan plateau east of the Sea of Galilee. Og, king of Bashan, was a Rephaite (Deut 3:11; Josh 12:4; 13:12). Other texts speak of them or their kinfolk in both Transjordan (Deut 2:20; 3:13) and Canaan (Josh 11:21-22; 14:12, 15; 15:13-14; Judg 1:20; 1 Sam 17:4; 1 Chr 20:4-8). They also appear in extra-biblical literature, especially in connection with the city state of Ugarit. See C. L’Heureux, “Ugaritic and Biblical Rephaim,” HTR 67 (1974): 265-74.

2 sn Rephaites. See note on this word in Deut 2:11.

3 sn Zamzummites. Just as the Moabites called Rephaites by the name Emites, the Ammonites called them Zamzummites (or Zazites; Gen 14:5).

4 sn Half the tribe of Manasseh. The tribe of Manasseh split into clans, with half opting to settle in Bashan and the other half in Canaan (cf. Num 32:39-42; Josh 17:1-13).

5 sn Argob. See note on this term in v. 4.



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