26:5 Then you must affirm before the Lord your God, “A wandering 1 Aramean 2 was my ancestor, 3 and he went down to Egypt and lived there as a foreigner with a household few in number, 4 but there he became a great, powerful, and numerous people. 26:6 But the Egyptians mistreated and oppressed us, forcing us to do burdensome labor. 26:7 So we cried out to the Lord, the God of our ancestors, and he 5 heard us and saw our humiliation, toil, and oppression. 26:8 Therefore the Lord brought us out of Egypt with tremendous strength and power, 6 as well as with great awe-inspiring signs and wonders. 26:9 Then he brought us to this place and gave us this land, a land flowing with milk and honey. 26:10 So now, look! I have brought the first of the ground’s produce that you, Lord, have given me.” Then you must set it down before the Lord your God and worship before him. 7 26:11 You will celebrate all the good things that the Lord your God has given you and your family, 8 along with the Levites and the resident foreigners among you.
26:12 When you finish tithing all 9 your income in the third year (the year of tithing), you must give it to the Levites, the resident foreigners, the orphans, and the widows 10 so that they may eat to their satisfaction in your villages. 11 26:13 Then you shall say before the Lord your God, “I have removed the sacred offering 12 from my house and given it to the Levites, the resident foreigners, the orphans, and the widows just as you have commanded me. 13 I have not violated or forgotten your commandments. 26:14 I have not eaten anything when I was in mourning, or removed any of it while ceremonially unclean, or offered any of it to the dead; 14 I have obeyed you 15 and have done everything you have commanded me. 26:15 Look down from your holy dwelling place in heaven and bless your people Israel and the land you have given us, just as you promised our ancestors – a land flowing with milk and honey.”
1 tn Though the Hebrew term אָבַד (’avad) generally means “to perish” or the like (HALOT 2-3 s.v.; BDB 1-2 s.v.; cf. KJV “a Syrian ready to perish”), a meaning “to go astray” or “to be lost” is also attested. The ambivalence in the Hebrew text is reflected in the versions where LXX Vaticanus reads ἀπέβαλεν (apebalen, “lose”) for a possibly metathesized reading found in Alexandrinus, Ambrosianus, ἀπέλαβεν (apelaben, “receive”); others attest κατέλειπεν (kateleipen, “leave, abandon”). “Wandering” seems to suit best the contrast with the sedentary life Israel would enjoy in Canaan (v. 9) and is the meaning followed by many English versions.
3 tn Heb “father.”
4 tn Heb “sojourned there few in number.” The words “with a household” have been supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons and for clarity.
6 tn Heb “by a powerful hand and an extended arm.” These are anthropomorphisms designed to convey God’s tremendously great power in rescuing Israel from their Egyptian bondage. They are preserved literally in many English versions (cf. KJV, NAB, NIV, NRSV).
8 tn Or “household” (so NASB, NIV, NLT); Heb “house” (so KJV, NRSV).
9 tn Heb includes “the tithes of.” This has not been included in the translation to avoid redundancy.
11 tn Heb “gates.”
12 tn Heb “the sacred thing.” The term הַקֹּדֶשׁ (haqqodesh) likely refers to an offering normally set apart for the
13 tn Heb “according to all your commandment that you commanded me.” This has been simplified in the translation for stylistic reasons.
14 sn These practices suggest overtones of pagan ritual, all of which the confessor denies having undertaken. In Canaan they were connected with fertility practices associated with harvest time. See E. H. Merrill, Deuteronomy (NAC), 335-36.