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Deuteronomy 22:20-21


22:20 But if the accusation is true and the young woman was not a virgin, 22:21 the men of her city must bring the young woman to the door of her father’s house and stone her to death, for she has done a disgraceful thing 1  in Israel by behaving like a prostitute while living in her father’s house. In this way you will purge 2  evil from among you.

Deuteronomy 22:23-29


22:23 If a virgin is engaged to a man and another man meets 3  her in the city and has sexual relations with 4  her, 22:24 you must bring the two of them to the gate of that city and stone them to death, the young woman because she did not cry out though in the city and the man because he violated 5  his neighbor’s fiancĂ©e; 6  in this way you will purge 7  evil from among you. 22:25 But if the man came across 8  the engaged woman in the field and overpowered her and raped 9  her, then only the rapist 10  must die. 22:26 You must not do anything to the young woman – she has done nothing deserving of death. This case is the same as when someone attacks another person 11  and murders him, 22:27 for the man 12  met her in the field and the engaged woman cried out, but there was no one to rescue her.

22:28 Suppose a man comes across a virgin who is not engaged and overpowers and rapes 13  her and they are discovered. 22:29 The man who has raped her must pay her father fifty shekels of silver and she must become his wife because he has violated her; he may never divorce her as long as he lives.

Deuteronomy 23:18

23:18 You must never bring the pay of a female prostitute 14  or the wage of a male prostitute 15  into the temple of the Lord your God in fulfillment of any vow, for both of these are abhorrent to the Lord your God.

1 tn The Hebrew term נְבָלָה (nÿvalah) means more than just something stupid. It refers to a moral lapse so serious as to jeopardize the whole covenant community (cf. Gen 34:7; Judg 19:23; 20:6, 10; Jer 29:23). See C. Pan, NIDOTTE 3:11-13. Cf. NAB “she committed a crime against Israel.”

2 tn Heb “burn.” See note on Deut 21:21.

3 tn Heb “finds.”

4 tn Heb “lies with.”

5 tn Heb “humbled.”

6 tn Heb “wife.”

7 tn Heb “burn.” See note on the phrase “purge out” in Deut 21:21.

8 tn Heb “found,” also in vv. 27, 28.

9 tn Heb “lay with” here refers to a forced sexual relationship, as the accompanying verb “seized” (חָזַק, khazaq) makes clear.

10 tn Heb “the man who lay with her, only him.”

11 tn Heb “his neighbor.”

12 tn Heb “he”; the referent (the man who attacked the woman) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

13 tn Heb “lies with.”

14 tn Here the Hebrew term זוֹנָה (zonah) refers to a noncultic (i.e., “secular”) female prostitute; see note on the phrase “sacred prostitute” in v. 17.

15 tn Heb “of a dog.” This is the common Hebrew term for a noncultic (i.e., “secular”) male prostitute. See note on the phrase “sacred male prostitute” in v. 17.

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