1:3 However, it was not until 1 the first day of the eleventh month 2 of the fortieth year 3 that Moses addressed the Israelites just as 4 the Lord had instructed him to do.
1:5 So it was in the Transjordan, in Moab, that Moses began to deliver these words: 5
2 sn The eleventh month is Shebat in the Hebrew calendar, January/February in the modern (Gregorian) calendar.
3 sn The fortieth year would be 1406
4 tn Heb “according to all which.”
5 tn Heb “this instruction”; KJV, NIV, NRSV “this law”; TEV “God’s laws and teachings.” The Hebrew noun תוֹרָה (torah) is derived from the verb יָרָה (yarah, “to teach”) and here it refers to the Book of Deuteronomy, not the Pentateuch as a whole.