1:26 You were not willing to go up, however, but instead rebelled against the Lord your God. 1 1:27 You complained among yourselves privately 2 and said, “Because the Lord hates us he brought us from Egypt to deliver us over to the Amorites so they could destroy us! 1:28 What is going to happen to us? Our brothers have drained away our courage 3 by describing people who are more numerous 4 and taller than we are, and great cities whose defenses appear to be as high as heaven 5 itself! Moreover, they said they saw 6 Anakites 7 there.” 1:29 So I responded to you, “Do not be terrified 8 of them! 1:30 The Lord your God is about to go 9 ahead of you; he will fight for you, just as you saw him do in Egypt 10 1:31 and in the desert, where you saw him 11 carrying you along like a man carries his son. This he did everywhere you went until you came to this very place.” 1:32 However, through all this you did not have confidence in the Lord your God, 1:33 the one who was constantly going before you to find places for you to set up camp. He appeared by fire at night and cloud by day, to show you the way you ought to go.
1:34 When the Lord heard you, he became angry and made this vow: 12 1:35 “Not a single person 13 of this evil generation will see the good land that I promised to give to your ancestors! 1:36 The exception is Caleb son of Jephunneh; 14 he will see it and I will give him and his descendants the territory on which he has walked, because he has wholeheartedly followed me.” 15 1:37 As for me, the Lord was also angry with me on your account. He said, “You also will not be able to go there. 1:38 However, Joshua son of Nun, your assistant, 16 will go. Encourage him, because he will enable Israel to inherit the land. 17 1:39 Also, your infants, who you thought would die on the way, 18 and your children, who as yet do not know good from bad, 19 will go there; I will give them the land and they will possess it. 1:40 But as for you, 20 turn back and head for the desert by the way to the Red Sea.” 21
1:41 Then you responded to me and admitted, “We have sinned against the Lord. We will now go up and fight as the Lord our God has told us to do.” So you each put on your battle gear and prepared to go up to the hill country. 1:42 But the Lord told me: “Tell them this: ‘Do not go up and fight, because I will not be with you and you will be defeated by your enemies.’” 1:43 I spoke to you, but you did not listen. Instead you rebelled against the Lord 22 and recklessly went up to the hill country. 1:44 The Amorite inhabitants of that area 23 confronted 24 you and chased you like a swarm of bees, striking you down from Seir as far as Hormah. 25 1:45 Then you came back and wept before the Lord, but he 26 paid no attention to you whatsoever. 27 1:46 Therefore, you remained at Kadesh for a long time – indeed, for the full time. 28
1 tn Heb “the mouth of the
2 tn Heb “in your tents,” that is, privately.
3 tn Heb “have caused our hearts to melt.”
4 tn Heb “greater.” Many English versions understand this to refer to physical size or strength rather than numbers (cf. “stronger,” NAB, NIV, NRSV; “bigger,” NASB).
5 tn Or “as the sky.” The Hebrew term שָׁמַיִם (shamayim) may be translated “heaven(s)” or “sky” depending on the context.
6 tn Heb “we have seen.”
7 tn Heb “the sons of the Anakim.”
8 tn Heb “do not tremble and do not be afraid.” Two synonymous commands are combined for emphasis.
9 tn The Hebrew participle indicates imminent future action here, though some English versions treat it as a predictive future (“will go ahead of you,” NCV; cf. also TEV, CEV).
10 tn Heb “according to all which he did for you in Egypt before your eyes.”
11 tn Heb “the
12 tn Heb “and swore,” i.e., made an oath or vow.
13 tn Heb “Not a man among these men.”
15 tn Heb “the
16 tn Heb “the one who stands before you”; NAB “your aide”; TEV “your helper.”
17 tn Heb “it”; the referent (the land) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
18 tn Heb “would be a prey.”
19 sn Do not know good from bad. This is a figure of speech called a merism (suggesting a whole by referring to its extreme opposites). Other examples are the tree of “the knowledge of good and evil” (Gen 2:9), the boy who knows enough “to reject the wrong and choose the right” (Isa 7:16; 8:4), and those who “cannot tell their right hand from their left” (Jonah 4:11). A young child is characterized by lack of knowledge.
21 tn Heb “the Reed Sea.” “Reed” is a better translation of the Hebrew סוּף (suf), traditionally rendered “red.” The name “Red Sea” is based on the LXX which referred to it as ἐρυθρᾶς θαλάσσης (eruqra" qalassh", “red sea”). Nevertheless, because the body of water in question is known in modern times as the Red Sea, this term was used in the translation. The part of the Red Sea in view here is not the one crossed in the exodus but its eastern arm, now known as the Gulf of Eilat or Gulf of Aqaba.
24 tn Heb “came out to meet.”
25 sn Hormah is probably Khirbet el-Meshash, 5.5 mi (9 km) west of Arad and 7.5 mi (12 km) SE of Beer Sheba. Its name is a derivative of the verb חָרָם (kharam, “to ban; to exterminate”). See Num 21:3.
26 tn Heb “the
27 tn Heb “did not hear your voice and did not turn an ear to you.”
28 tn Heb “like the days which you lived.” This refers to the rest of the forty-year period in the desert before Israel arrived in Moab.