1:16 I furthermore admonished your judges at that time that they 1 should pay attention to issues among your fellow citizens 2 and judge fairly, 3 whether between one citizen and another 4 or a citizen and a resident foreigner. 5 1:17 They 6 must not discriminate in judgment, but hear the lowly 7 and the great alike. Nor should they be intimidated by human beings, for judgment belongs to God. If the matter being adjudicated is too difficult for them, they should bring it before me for a hearing.
2 tn Heb “brothers.” The term “brothers” could, in English, be understood to refer to siblings, so “fellow citizens” has been used in the translation.
3 tn The Hebrew word צֶדֶק (tsedeq, “fairly”) carries the basic idea of conformity to a norm of expected behavior or character, one established by God himself. Fair judgment adheres strictly to that norm or standard (see D. Reimer, NIDOTTE 3:750).
4 tn Heb “between a man and his brother.”
5 tn Heb “his stranger” or “his sojourner”; NAB, NIV “an alien”; NRSV “resident alien.” The Hebrew word גֵּר (ger) commonly means “foreigner.”
6 tn Heb “you,” and throughout the verse (cf. NASB, NRSV).
7 tn Heb “the small,” but referring to social status, not physical stature.