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Deuteronomy 14:12-18

Context
14:12 These are the ones you may not eat: the eagle, 1  the vulture, 2  the black vulture, 3  14:13 the kite, the black kite, the dayyah 4  after its species, 14:14 every raven after its species, 14:15 the ostrich, 5  the owl, 6  the seagull, the falcon 7  after its species, 14:16 the little owl, the long-eared owl, the white owl, 8  14:17 the jackdaw, 9  the carrion vulture, the cormorant, 14:18 the stork, the heron after its species, the hoopoe, the bat,

1 tn NEB “the griffon-vulture.”

2 tn The Hebrew term פֶּרֶס (peres) describes a large vulture otherwise known as the ossifrage (cf. KJV). This largest of the vultures takes its name from its habit of dropping skeletal remains from a great height so as to break the bones apart.

3 tn The Hebrew term עָזְנִיָּה (’ozniyyah) may describe the black vulture (so NIV) or it may refer to the osprey (so NAB, NRSV, NLT), an eagle-like bird subsisting mainly on fish.

4 tn The Hebrew term is דַּיָּה (dayyah). This, with the previous two terms (רָאָה [raah] and אַיָּה [’ayyah]), is probably a kite of some species but otherwise impossible to specify.

5 tn Or “owl.” The Hebrew term בַּת הַיַּעֲנָה (bat hayyaanah) is sometimes taken as “ostrich” (so ASV, NAB, NASB, NRSV, NLT), but may refer instead to some species of owl (cf. KJV “owl”; NEB “desert-owl”; NIV “horned owl”).

6 tn The Hebrew term תַּחְמָס (takhmas) is either a type of owl (cf. NEB “short-eared owl”; NIV “screech owl”) or possibly the nighthawk (so NRSV, NLT).

7 tn The Hebrew term נֵץ (nets) may refer to the falcon or perhaps the hawk (so NEB, NIV).

8 tn The Hebrew term תִּנְשֶׁמֶת (tinshemet) may refer to a species of owl (cf. ASV “horned owl”; NASB, NIV, NLT “white owl”) or perhaps even to the swan (so KJV); cf. NRSV “water hen.”

9 tn The Hebrew term קָאַת (qaat) may also refer to a type of owl (NAB, NIV, NRSV “desert owl”) or perhaps the pelican (so KJV, NASB, NLT).



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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