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Daniel 9:3-12

Context
9:3 So I turned my attention 1  to the Lord God 2  to implore him by prayer and requests, with fasting, sackcloth, and ashes. 3  9:4 I prayed to the LORD my God, confessing in this way:

“O Lord, 4  great and awesome God who is faithful to his covenant 5  with those who love him and keep his commandments, 9:5 we have sinned! We have done what is wrong and wicked; we have rebelled by turning away from your commandments and standards. 9:6 We have not paid attention to your servants the prophets, who spoke by your authority 6  to our kings, our leaders, and our ancestors, 7  and to all the inhabitants 8  of the land as well.

9:7 “You are righteous, 9  O Lord, but we are humiliated this day 10  – the people 11  of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem and all Israel, both near and far away in all the countries in which you have scattered them, because they have behaved unfaithfully toward you. 9:8 O LORD, we have been humiliated 12  – our kings, our leaders, and our ancestors – because we have sinned against you. 9:9 Yet the Lord our God is compassionate and forgiving, 13  even though we have rebelled against him. 9:10 We have not obeyed 14  the LORD our God by living according to 15  his laws 16  that he set before us through his servants the prophets.

9:11 “All Israel has broken 17  your law and turned away by not obeying you. 18  Therefore you have poured out on us the judgment solemnly threatened 19  in the law of Moses the servant of God, for we have sinned against you. 20  9:12 He has carried out his threats 21  against us and our rulers 22  who were over 23  us by bringing great calamity on us – what has happened to Jerusalem has never been equaled under all heaven!

1 tn Heb “face.”

2 tn The Hebrew phrase translated “Lord God” here is אֲדֹנָי הָאֱלֹהִים (’adonay haelohim).

3 sn When lamenting, ancient Israelites would fast, wear sackcloth, and put ashes on their heads to show their sorrow and contrition.

4 tn The Hebrew term translated “Lord” here and in vv. 7, 9, 15, 16, and 19 is אֲדֹנָי (’adonay).

5 tn Heb “who keeps the covenant and the loyal love.” The expression is a hendiadys.

6 tn Heb “in your name.” Another option is to translate, “as your representatives.”

7 tn Heb “our fathers” (also in vv. 8, 16). The Hebrew term translated “father” can refer to more distant relationships such as grandfathers or ancestors.

8 tn Heb “people.”

9 tn Heb “to you (belongs) righteousness.”

10 tn Heb “and to us (belongs) shame of face like this day.”

11 tn Heb “men.”

12 tn Heb “to us (belongs) shame of face.”

13 tn Heb “to the Lord our God (belong) compassion and forgiveness.”

14 tn Heb “paid attention to the voice of,” which is an idiomatic expression for obedience (cf. NASB “nor have we obeyed the voice of”).

15 tn Heb “to walk in.”

16 tc The LXX and Vulgate have the singular.

17 tn Or “transgressed.” The Hebrew verb has the primary sense of crossing a boundary, in this case, God’s law.

18 tn Heb “by not paying attention to your voice.”

19 tn Heb “the curse and the oath which is written.” The term “curse” refers here to the judgments threatened in the Mosaic law (see Deut 28) for rebellion. The expression “the curse and the oath” is probably a hendiadys (cf. Num 5:21; Neh 10:29) referring to the fact that the covenant with its threatened judgments was ratified by solemn oath and made legally binding upon the covenant community.

20 tn Heb “him.”

21 tn Heb “he has fulfilled his word(s) which he spoke.”

22 tn Heb “our judges.”

23 tn Heb “who judged.”



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