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Daniel 8:11-13

Context
8:11 It also acted arrogantly against the Prince of the army, 1  from whom 2  the daily sacrifice was removed and whose sanctuary 3  was thrown down. 8:12 The army was given over, 4  along with the daily sacrifice, in the course of his sinful rebellion. 5  It hurled 6  truth 7  to the ground and enjoyed success. 8 

8:13 Then I heard a holy one 9  speaking. Another holy one said to the one who was speaking, “To what period of time does the vision pertain – this vision concerning the daily sacrifice and the destructive act of rebellion and the giving over of both the sanctuary and army to be trampled?”

1 sn The prince of the army may refer to God (cf. “whose sanctuary” later in the verse) or to the angel Michael (cf. 12:1).

2 tn Or perhaps “and by him,” referring to Antiochus rather than to God.

3 sn Here the sanctuary is a reference to the temple of God in Jerusalem.

4 tc The present translation reads וּצְבָאָהּ נִתַּן (utsÿvaah nittan) for the MT וְצָבָא תִּנָּתֵן (vÿtsavatinnaten). The context suggests a perfect rather than an imperfect verb.

5 tn Heb “in (the course of) rebellion.” The meaning of the phrase is difficult to determine. It could mean “due to rebellion,” referring to the failures of the Jews, but this is not likely since it is not a point made elsewhere in the book. The phrase more probably refers to the rebellion against God and the atrocities against the Jews epitomized by Antiochus.

6 tc Two medieval Hebrew MSS and the LXX have a passive verb here: “truth was hurled to the ground” (cf. NIV, NCV, TEV).

7 sn Truth here probably refers to the Torah. According to 1 Macc 1:56, Antiochus initiated destruction of the sacred books of the Jews.

8 tn Heb “it acted and prospered.”

9 sn The holy one referred to here is presumably an angel. Cf. 4:13[10], 23 [20].



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