4:25 You will be driven 1 from human society, 2 and you will live 3 with the wild animals. You will be fed 4 grass like oxen, 5 and you will become damp with the dew of the sky. Seven periods of time will pass by for you, before 6 you understand that the Most High is ruler over human kingdoms and gives them to whomever he wishes. 4:26 They said to leave the taproot of the tree, for your kingdom will be restored to you when you come to understand that heaven 7 rules. 4:27 Therefore, O king, may my advice be pleasing to you. Break away from your sins by doing what is right, and from your iniquities by showing mercy to the poor. Perhaps your prosperity will be prolonged.” 8
4 tn Or perhaps “be made to eat.”
5 sn Nebuchadnezzar’s insanity has features that are associated with the mental disorder known as boanthropy, in which the person so afflicted imagines himself to be an ox or a similar animal and behaves accordingly.
6 tn Aram “until.”
7 sn The reference to heaven here is a circumlocution for God. There was a tendency in Jewish contexts to avoid direct reference to God. Cf. the expression “kingdom of heaven” in the NT and such statements as “I have sinned against heaven and in your sight” (Luke 15:21).
8 tn Aram “if there may be a lengthening to your prosperity.”