4:25 You will be driven 1 from human society, 2 and you will live 3 with the wild animals. You will be fed 4 grass like oxen, 5 and you will become damp with the dew of the sky. Seven periods of time will pass by for you, before 6 you understand that the Most High is ruler over human kingdoms and gives them to whomever he wishes.
He does as he wishes with the army of heaven
and with those who inhabit the earth.
No one slaps 8 his hand
and says to him, ‘What have you done?’
4 tn Or perhaps “be made to eat.”
5 sn Nebuchadnezzar’s insanity has features that are associated with the mental disorder known as boanthropy, in which the person so afflicted imagines himself to be an ox or a similar animal and behaves accordingly.
6 tn Aram “until.”
7 tc The present translation reads כְּלָא (kÿla’), with many medieval Hebrew
8 tn Aram “strikes against.”