11:5 “Then the king of the south 1 and one of his subordinates 2 will grow strong. His subordinate 3 will resist 4 him and will rule a kingdom greater than his. 5 11:6 After some years have passed, they 6 will form an alliance. Then the daughter 7 of the king of the south will come to the king of the north to make an agreement, but she will not retain her power, 8 nor will he continue 9 in his strength. 10 She, together with the one who brought her, her child, 11 and her benefactor will all be delivered over at that time. 12
1 sn The king of the south is Ptolemy I Soter (ca. 323-285
2 tn Heb “princes.”
3 tn Heb “and he”; the referent (the subordinate prince mentioned in the previous clause) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
4 tn Heb “be strong against.”
5 tn Heb “greater than his kingdom.”
6 sn Here they refers to Ptolemy II Philadelphus (ca. 285-246
7 sn The daughter refers to Berenice, who was given in marriage to Antiochus II Theos.
8 tn Heb “the strength of the arm.”
10 tn Heb “and his arm.” Some understand this to refer to the descendants of the king of the north.
11 tc The present translation reads יַלְדָּה (yaldah, “her child”) rather than the MT יֹלְדָהּ (yolÿdah, “the one who begot her”). Cf. Theodotion, the Syriac, and the Vulgate.
12 sn Antiochus II eventually divorced Berenice and remarried his former wife Laodice, who then poisoned her husband, had Berenice put to death, and installed her own son, Seleucus II Callinicus (ca. 246-227