5:40 and they summoned the apostles and had them beaten. 1 Then 2 they ordered them not to speak in the name of Jesus and released them. 5:41 So they left the council rejoicing because they had been considered worthy 3 to suffer dishonor for the sake of the name. 4 5:42 And every day both in the temple courts 5 and from house to house, they did not stop teaching and proclaiming the good news 6 that Jesus was the Christ. 7
1 sn Had them beaten. The punishment was the “forty lashes minus one,” see also Acts 22:19; 2 Cor 11:24; Mark 13:9. The apostles had disobeyed the religious authorities and took their punishment for their “disobedience” (Deut 25:2-3; m. Makkot 3:10-14). In Acts 4:18 they were warned. Now they are beaten. The hostility is rising as the narrative unfolds.
2 tn The word “Then” is supplied as the beginning of a new sentence in the translation. The construction in Greek has so many clauses (most of them made up of participles) that a continuous English sentence would be very awkward.
5 tn Grk “temple.” This is actually a reference to the courts surrounding the temple proper and has been translated accordingly.
7 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”
sn See the note on Christ in 2:31.