28:23 They set 1 a day to meet with him, 2 and they came to him where he was staying 3 in even greater numbers. 4 From morning until evening he explained things 5 to them, 6 testifying 7 about the kingdom of God 8 and trying to convince 9 them about Jesus from both the law of Moses and the prophets.
28:30 Paul 10 lived 11 there two whole years in his own rented quarters 12 and welcomed 13 all who came to him, 28:31 proclaiming the kingdom of God and teaching about the Lord Jesus Christ 14 with complete boldness 15 and without restriction. 16
1 tn Grk “Having set.” The participle ταξάμενοι (taxamenoi) has been translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style.
2 tn Grk “Having set a day with him”; the words “to meet” are not in the Greek text, but are implied.
3 tn Or “came to him in his rented quarters.”
5 tn The word “things” is not in the Greek text, but has been supplied. Direct objects were often omitted in Greek when clear from the context, but must be supplied for the modern English reader.
6 tn Grk “to whom he explained.” Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, the relative pronoun (“whom”) has been replaced by the pronoun (“them”) and a new sentence begun at this point in the translation.
7 tn BDAG 233 s.v. διαμαρτύρομαι 1 has “to make a solemn declaration about the truth of someth. testify of, bear witness to (orig. under oath)…God’s kingdom 28:23.”
8 sn Testifying about the kingdom of God. The topic is important. Paul’s preaching was about the rule of God and his promise in Jesus. Paul’s text was the Jewish scriptures.
9 tn Or “persuade.”
10 tn Grk “He”; the referent (Paul) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
11 tn Or “stayed.”
12 tn Or perhaps, “two whole years at his own expense.” BDAG 654 s.v. μίσθωμα states, “the customary act. mng. ‘contract price, rent’…is not found in our lit. (Ac) and the pass. what is rented, a rented house is a mng. not found outside it (even Ammonius Gramm. [100 ad] p. 93 Valck. knows nothing of it. Hence the transl. at his own expense [NRSV] merits attention) ἐν ἰδίῳ μισθώματι in his own rented lodgings Ac 28:30 (for the idea cp. Jos., Ant. 18, 235).”
13 tn Or “and received.”
14 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”
15 tn Or “openness.”
16 sn Proclaiming…with complete boldness and without restriction. Once again Paul’s imprisonment is on benevolent terms. The word of God is proclaimed triumphantly and boldly in Rome. Acts ends with this note: Despite all the attempts to stop it, the message goes forth.