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Acts 25:7-9

Context
25:7 When he arrived, the Jews who had come down from Jerusalem stood around him, 1  bringing many serious 2  charges that they were not able to prove. 3  25:8 Paul said in his defense, 4  “I have committed no offense 5  against the Jewish law 6  or against the temple or against Caesar.” 7  25:9 But Festus, 8  wanting to do the Jews a favor, asked Paul, “Are you willing to go up to Jerusalem and be tried 9  before me there on these charges?” 10 

1 tn BDAG 801 s.v. περιίστημι 1.a has “περιέστησαν αὐτὸν οἱ ᾿Ιουδαῖοι the Judeans stood around him 25:7.”

2 tn Grk “many and serious.” The term βαρύς (barus) refers to weighty or serious charges (BDAG 167 s.v. 1).

3 tn The term ἀποδείκνυμι (apodeiknumi) in a legal context refers to legal proof (4 Macc 1:8; BDAG 108 s.v. 3).

4 tn Grk “Paul saying in his defense”; the participle ἀπολογουμένου (apologoumenou) could be taken temporally (“when Paul said…”), but due to the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, the participle was translated as a finite verb and a new sentence begun here in the translation. BDAG 116-17 s.v. ἀπολογέομαι has “W. ὅτι foll. τοῦ Παύλου ἀπολογουμένου, ὅτι when Paul said in his defense (direct quot. foll.) Ac 25:8.”

5 tn Grk “I have sinned…in nothing.”

6 tn Grk “against the law of the Jews.” Here τῶν ᾿Ιουδαίων has been translated as an attributive genitive.

sn The Jewish law refers to the law of Moses.

7 tn Or “against the emperor” (“Caesar” is a title for the Roman emperor).

sn Paul’s threefold claim to be innocent with respect to the law…the temple and Caesar argues that he has not disturbed the peace at any level. This was the standard charge made against early Christians (Luke 23:2; Acts 17:6-7). The charges here are emphatically denied, with the Greek conjunction oute repeated before each charge.

8 sn See the note on Porcius Festus in 24:27.

9 tn Or “stand trial.”

10 tn Grk “concerning these things.”



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