21:18 The next day Paul went in with us to see James, and all the elders were there. 1 21:19 When Paul 2 had greeted them, he began to explain 3 in detail 4 what God 5 had done among the Gentiles through his ministry. 21:20 When they heard this, they praised 6 God. Then they said to him, “You see, brother, how many thousands of Jews 7 there are who have believed, and they are all ardent observers 8 of the law. 9 21:21 They have been informed about you – that you teach all the Jews now living 10 among the Gentiles to abandon 11 Moses, telling them not to circumcise their children 12 or live 13 according to our customs. 21:22 What then should we do? They will no doubt 14 hear that you have come. 21:23 So do what 15 we tell you: We have four men 16 who have taken 17 a vow; 18 21:24 take them and purify 19 yourself along with them and pay their expenses, 20 so that they may have their heads shaved. 21 Then 22 everyone will know there is nothing in what they have been told 23 about you, but that you yourself live in conformity with 24 the law. 25 21:25 But regarding the Gentiles who have believed, we have written a letter, having decided 26 that they should avoid 27 meat that has been sacrificed to idols 28 and blood and what has been strangled 29 and sexual immorality.” 21:26 Then Paul took the men the next day, 30 and after he had purified himself 31 along with them, he went to the temple and gave notice 32 of the completion of the days of purification, 33 when 34 the sacrifice would be offered for each 35 of them.
1 tn BDAG 760 s.v. παραγίνομαι 1 has this use under the broad category of meaning “draw near, come, arrive, be present.”
sn All the elders were there. This meeting shows how the Jerusalem church still regarded Paul and his mission with favor, but also with some concerns because of the rumors circulating about his actions.
2 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Paul) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
3 tn Or “to report,” “to describe.” The imperfect verb ἐξηγεῖτο (exhgeito) has been translated as an ingressive imperfect.
5 sn Note how Paul credited God with the success of his ministry.
6 tn Or “glorified.”
7 tn Grk “how many thousands there are among the Jews.”
10 tn BDAG 511 s.v. κατά B.1.a has “τοὺς κ. τὰ ἔθνη ᾿Ιουδαίους the Judeans (dispersed) throughout the nations 21:21.” The Jews in view are not those in Palestine, but those who are scattered throughout the Gentile world.
sn The charge that Paul was teaching Jews in the Diaspora to abandon Moses was different from the issue faced in Acts 15, where the question was whether Gentiles needed to become like Jews first in order to become Christians. The issue also appears in Acts 24:5-6, 13-21; 25:8.
12 sn That is, not to circumcise their male children. Biblical references to circumcision always refer to male circumcision.
13 tn Grk “or walk.”
15 tn Grk “do this that.”
16 tn Grk “There are four men here.”
18 tn On the term for “vow,” see BDAG 416 s.v. εὐχή 2.
19 sn That is, undergo ritual cleansing. Paul’s cleansing would be necessary because of his travels in “unclean” Gentile territory. This act would represent a conciliatory gesture. Paul would have supported a “law-free” mission to the Gentiles as an option, but this gesture would represent an attempt to be sensitive to the Jews (1 Cor 9:15-22).
sn Having their heads shaved probably involved ending a voluntary Nazirite vow (Num 6:14-15).
22 tn Grk “and.” Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was begun in the translation, and καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the logical sequence.
23 tn The verb here describes a report or some type of information (BDAG 534 s.v. κατηχέω 1).
24 tn Grk “adhere to the keeping of the law.” L&N 41.12 has “στοιχέω: to live in conformity with some presumed standard or set of customs – ‘to live, to behave in accordance with.’”
25 sn The law refers to the law of Moses.
sn Having decided refers here to the decision of the Jerusalem council (Acts 15:6-21). Mention of this previous decision reminds the reader that the issue here is somewhat different: It is not whether Gentiles must first become Jews before they can become Christians (as in Acts 15), but whether Jews who become Christians should retain their Jewish practices. Sensitivity to this issue would suggest that Jewish Christians and Gentile Christians might engage in different practices.
27 tn This is a different Greek word than the one used in Acts 15:20, 29. BDAG 1068 s.v. φυλάσσω 3 has “to be on one’s guard against, look out for, avoid…w. acc. of pers. or thing avoided…Ac 21:25.” The Greek word used in Acts 15:20, 29 is ἀπέχω (apecw). The difference in meaning, although slight, has been maintained in the translation.
28 tn There is no specific semantic component in the Greek word εἰδωλόθυτος that means “meat” (see BDAG 280 s.v. εἰδωλόθυτος; L&N 5.15). The stem –θυτος means “sacrifice” (referring to an animal sacrificially killed) and thereby implies meat.
29 sn What has been strangled. That is, to refrain from eating animals that had been killed without having the blood drained from them. According to the Mosaic law (Lev 17:13-14) Jews were forbidden to eat flesh with the blood still in it (note the preceding provision in this verse, and blood).
31 tn That is, after he had undergone ritual cleansing. The aorist passive participle ἁγνισθείς (Jagnisqei") has been taken temporally of antecedent action.
32 tn Grk “entered the temple, giving notice.” The participle διαγγέλλων (diangellwn) has been translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style.
33 sn The days of purification refers to the days of ritual cleansing.
34 tn Grk “until” (BDAG 423 s.v. ἕως 1.b.β.א), but since in English it is somewhat awkward to say “the completion of the days of purification, until the sacrifice would be offered,” the temporal clause was translated “when the sacrifice would be offered.” The point is that the sacrifice would be offered when the days were completed. Paul honored the request of the Jewish Christian leadership completely. As the following verse makes clear, the vow was made for seven days.
35 tn Grk “for each one.”