20:1 After the disturbance had ended, Paul sent for the disciples, and after encouraging 1 them and saying farewell, 2 he left to go to Macedonia. 3 20:2 After he had gone through those regions 4 and spoken many words of encouragement 5 to the believers there, 6 he came to Greece, 7 20:3 where he stayed 8 for three months. Because the Jews had made 9 a plot 10 against him as he was intending 11 to sail 12 for Syria, he decided 13 to return through Macedonia. 14
1 tn Or “exhorting.”
2 tn Or “and taking leave of them.”
3 sn Macedonia was the Roman province of Macedonia in Greece.
4 tn BDAG 633 s.v. μέρος 1.b.γ gives the meanings “the parts (of a geographical area), region, district,” but the use of “district” in this context probably implies too much specificity.
5 tn Grk “and encouraging them with many words.” The participle παρακαλέσας (parakalesa", “encouraging”) has been translated by the phrase “spoken…words of encouragement” because the formal equivalent is awkward in contemporary English.
6 tn Grk “[to] them”; the referent (the believers there) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
7 tn In popular usage the term translated “Greece” here could also refer to the Roman province officially known as Achaia (BDAG 318 s.v. ῾Ελλάς).
8 tn BDAG 841 s.v. ποιέω 5.c, “w. an acc. of time spend, stay.”
9 tn The participle βενομένης (benomenh") has been translated as a causal adverbial participle. L&N 30.71 has “ἐπιβουλῆς αὐτῷ ὑπὸ τῶν ᾿Ιουδαίων ‘because the Jews had made a plot against him’ Ac 20:3.”
12 tn BDAG 62 s.v. ἀνάγω 4 gives “put out to sea” here (as a nautical technical term). However, since the English expression “put out to sea” could be understood to mean Paul was already aboard the ship (which is not clear from the context), the simpler expression “sail” is used at this point in the translation.
14 sn Macedonia was the Roman province of Macedonia in Greece.