18:27 When Apollos 1 wanted to cross over to Achaia, 2 the brothers encouraged 3 him 4 and wrote to the disciples to welcome him. When he arrived, he 5 assisted greatly those who had believed by grace,
1 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Apollos) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
2 sn To cross over to Achaia. Achaia was organized by the Romans as a separate province in 27
3 tn Grk “encouraging [him], the brothers wrote.” The participle προτρεψάμενοι (protreyamenoi) has been translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style. This was the typical letter of commendation from the Ephesians to the Achaeans.
4 tn The word “him” is not in the Greek text, but is implied. Direct objects were often omitted in Greek when clear from the context, but must be supplied for the modern English reader.
5 tn Grk “who, when he arrived.” Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, the relative pronoun (“who”) was replaced with the pronoun “he” and a new sentence begun in the translation.
6 tn Grk “It happened that while.” The introductory phrase ἐγένετο (egeneto, “it happened that”), common in Luke (69 times) and Acts (54 times), is redundant in contemporary English and has not been translated.
8 tn Or “interior.”
11 tn Grk “and found.” Because of the length of the Greek sentence and the sequencing with the following verse the conjunction καί (kai) has not been translated here. Instead a new English sentence is begun.
12 tn The word “there” is not in the Greek text but is implied.