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Acts 11:19-20

Context
Activity in the Church at Antioch

11:19 Now those who had been scattered because of the persecution that took place over Stephen 1  went as far as 2  Phoenicia, 3  Cyprus, 4  and Antioch, 5  speaking the message 6  to no one but Jews. 11:20 But there were some men from Cyprus 7  and Cyrene 8  among them who came 9  to Antioch 10  and began to speak to the Greeks 11  too, proclaiming the good news of the Lord Jesus.

1 sn The phrase over Stephen means in connection with Stephen’s death. See Acts 8:1b-3.

2 tn Or “finally reached.” The translations “went as far as” and “finally reached” for διῆλθον (dihlqon) in this verse are given in L&N 15.17.

3 sn Phoenicia was an area along the Mediterranean coast north of Palestine.

4 tn Grk “and Cyprus,” but καί (kai) has not been translated since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more.

sn Cyprus was a large island in the Mediterranean off the south coast of Asia Minor.

5 sn Antioch was a city in Syria (not Antioch in Pisidia). This was probably the third largest city in the Greco-Roman world (Alexandria in Egypt was the second largest, and Rome the largest) and was the seat of government in Syria. Five miles away was a major temple to Artemis, Apollo, and Astarte, major pagan deities.

map For location see JP1 F2; JP2 F2; JP3 F2; JP4 F2.

6 tn Grk “word.”

7 sn Cyprus was a large island in the Mediterranean off the south coast of Asia Minor.

8 sn Cyrene was a city on the northern African coast west of Egypt.

9 tn Grk “among them, coming to Antioch began to speak.” The participle ἐλθόντες (elqonte") has been translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style.

10 sn Antioch was a city in Syria (not Antioch in Pisidia). See the note in 11:19.

11 sn The statement that some men from Cyprus and Cyrene…began to speak to the Greeks shows that Peter’s experience of reaching out to the Gentiles was not unique.



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