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Zephaniah 2:9

Context

2:9 Therefore, as surely as I live,” says the Lord who commands armies, the God of Israel,

“be certain that Moab will become like Sodom

and the Ammonites like Gomorrah.

They will be overrun by weeds, 1 

filled with salt pits, 2 

and permanently desolate.

Those of my people who are left 3  will plunder their belongings; 4 

those who are left in Judah 5  will take possession of their land.”

Zephaniah 2:13

Context

2:13 The Lord 6  will attack the north 7 

and destroy Assyria.

He will make Nineveh a heap of ruins;

it will be as barren 8  as the desert.

1 tn The Hebrew text reads מִמְשַׁק חָרוּל (mimshaq kharul, “[?] of weeds”). The meaning of the first word is unknown. The present translation (“They will be overrun by weeds”) is speculative, based on the general sense of the context. For a defense of “overrun” on linguistic grounds, see R. D. Patterson, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah (WEC), 347. Cf. NEB “a pile of weeds”; NIV “a place of weeds”; NRSV “a land possessed by nettles.”

2 tn The Hebrew text reads וּמִכְרֵה־מֶלַח (umikhreh-melakh, “and a [?] of salt”). The meaning of the first word is unclear, though “pit” (NASB, NIV, NRSV; NKJV “saltpit”), “mine,” and “heap” (cf. NEB “a rotting heap of saltwort”) are all options. The words “filled with” are supplied for clarification.

3 tn Or “The remnant of my people.”

4 tn Heb “them.” The actual object of the plundering, “their belongings,” has been specified in the translation for clarity.

5 tn Heb “[the] nation.” For clarity the “nation” has been specified as “Judah” in the translation.

6 tn Heb “He”; the referent (the Lord) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

7 tn Heb “he will stretch out his hand against the north.”

8 tn Or “dry.”



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