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Zechariah 3:9

Context
3:9 As for the stone 1  I have set before Joshua – on the one stone there are seven eyes. 2  I am about to engrave an inscription on it,’ says the Lord who rules over all, ‘to the effect that I will remove the iniquity of this land in a single day. 3 

Zechariah 11:16

Context
11:16 Indeed, I am about to raise up a shepherd in the land who will not take heed to the sheep headed to slaughter, will not seek the scattered, and will not heal the injured. 4  Moreover, he will not nourish the one that is healthy but instead will eat the meat of the fat sheep 5  and tear off their hooves.

1 sn The stone is also a metaphor for the Messiah, a foundation stone that, at first rejected (Ps 118:22-23; Isa 8:13-15), will become the chief cornerstone of the church (Eph 2:19-22).

2 tn Some understand the Hebrew term עַיִן (’ayin) here to refer to facets (cf. NAB, NRSV, NLT) or “faces” (NCV, CEV “seven sides”) of the stone rather than some representation of organs of sight.

sn The seven eyes are symbolic of divine omniscience and universal dominion (cf. Zech 1:10; 4:10; 2 Chr 16:9).

3 sn Inscriptions were common on ancient Near Eastern cornerstones. This inscription speaks of the redemption achieved by the divine resident of the temple, the Messiah, who will in the day of the Lord bring salvation to all Israel (cf. Isa 66:7-9).

4 tn Heb “the broken” (so KJV, NASB; NRSV “the maimed”).

5 tn Heb “the fat [ones].” Cf. ASV “the fat sheep”; NIV “the choice sheep.”



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