4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision as a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised, 1 so that he would become 2 the father of all those who believe but have never been circumcised, 3 that they too could have righteousness credited to them. 4:12 And he is also the father of the circumcised, 4 who are not only circumcised, but who also walk in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham possessed when he was still uncircumcised. 5
4:13 For the promise 6 to Abraham or to his descendants that he would inherit the world was not fulfilled through the law, but through the righteousness that comes by faith. 4:14 For if they become heirs by the law, faith is empty and the promise is nullified. 7 4:15 For the law brings wrath, because where there is no law there is no transgression 8 either. 4:16 For this reason it is by faith so that it may be by grace, 9 with the result that the promise may be certain to all the descendants – not only to those who are under the law, but also to those who have the faith of Abraham, 10 who is the father of us all
4:24 but also for our sake, to whom it will be credited, those who believe in the one who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead.
1 tn Grk “of the faith, the one [existing] in uncircumcision.”
3 tn Grk “through uncircumcision.”
4 tn Grk “the father of circumcision.”
5 tn Grk “the ‘in-uncircumcision faith’ of our father Abraham.”
6 sn Although a singular noun, the promise is collective and does not refer only to Gen 12:7, but as D. Moo (Romans 1-8 [WEC], 279) points out, refers to multiple aspects of the promise to Abraham: multiplied descendants (Gen 12:2), possession of the land (Gen 13:15-17), and his becoming the vehicle of blessing to all people (Gen 12:13).
7 tn Grk “rendered inoperative.”
8 tn Or “violation.”
9 tn Grk “that it might be according to grace.”
10 tn Grk “those who are of the faith of Abraham.”