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Romans 2:4-9

Context
2:4 Or do you have contempt for the wealth of his kindness, forbearance, and patience, and yet do not know 1  that God’s kindness leads you to repentance? 2:5 But because of your stubbornness 2  and your unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath for yourselves in the day of wrath, when God’s righteous judgment is revealed! 3  2:6 He 4  will reward 5  each one according to his works: 6  2:7 eternal life to those who by perseverance in good works seek glory and honor and immortality, 2:8 but 7  wrath and anger to those who live in selfish ambition 8  and do not obey the truth but follow 9  unrighteousness. 2:9 There will be 10  affliction and distress on everyone 11  who does evil, on the Jew first and also the Greek, 12 

1 tn Grk “being unaware.”

2 tn Grk “hardness.” Concerning this imagery, see Jer 4:4; Ezek 3:7; 1 En. 16:3.

3 tn Grk “in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God.”

4 tn Grk “who.” The relative pronoun was converted to a personal pronoun and, because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.

5 tn Or “will render,” “will recompense.” In this context Paul is setting up a hypothetical situation, not stating that salvation is by works.

6 sn A quotation from Ps 62:12; Prov 24:12; a close approximation to Matt 16:27.

7 tn This contrast is clearer and stronger in Greek than can be easily expressed in English.

8 tn Grk “those who [are] from selfish ambition.”

9 tn Grk “are persuaded by, obey.”

10 tn No verb is expressed in this verse, but the verb “to be” is implied by the Greek construction. Literally “suffering and distress on everyone…”

11 tn Grk “every soul of man.”

12 sn Paul uses the term Greek here and in v. 10 to refer to non-Jews, i.e., Gentiles.



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