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Romans 1:28-32

Context

1:28 And just as they did not see fit to acknowledge God, 1  God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do what should not be done. 2  1:29 They are filled 3  with every kind of unrighteousness, wickedness, covetousness, malice. They are rife with 4  envy, murder, strife, deceit, hostility. They are gossips, 1:30 slanderers, haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, contrivers of all sorts of evil, disobedient to parents, 1:31 senseless, covenant-breakers, 5  heartless, ruthless. 1:32 Although they fully know 6  God’s righteous decree that those who practice such things deserve to die, 7  they not only do them but also approve of those who practice them. 8 

1 tn Grk “and just as they did not approve to have God in knowledge.”

2 tn Grk “the things that are improper.”

3 tn Grk “being filled” or “having been filled,” referring to those described in v. 28. Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.

4 tn Grk “malice, full of,” continuing the description. Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.

5 tn Or “promise-breakers.”

6 tn Grk “who, knowing…, not only do them but also approve…” Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.

7 tn Grk “are worthy of death.”

8 sn “Vice lists” like vv. 28-32 can be found elsewhere in the NT in Matt 15:19; Gal 5:19-21; 1 Tim 1:9-10; and 1 Pet 4:3. An example from the intertestamental period can be found in Wis 14:25-26.



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