1:28 And just as they did not see fit to acknowledge God, 1 God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do what should not be done. 2 1:29 They are filled 3 with every kind of unrighteousness, wickedness, covetousness, malice. They are rife with 4 envy, murder, strife, deceit, hostility. They are gossips, 1:30 slanderers, haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, contrivers of all sorts of evil, disobedient to parents, 1:31 senseless, covenant-breakers, 5 heartless, ruthless. 1:32 Although they fully know 6 God’s righteous decree that those who practice such things deserve to die, 7 they not only do them but also approve of those who practice them. 8
1 tn Grk “and just as they did not approve to have God in knowledge.”
2 tn Grk “the things that are improper.”
4 tn Grk “malice, full of,” continuing the description. Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.
5 tn Or “promise-breakers.”
6 tn Grk “who, knowing…, not only do them but also approve…” Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.
7 tn Grk “are worthy of death.”