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Romans 11:11-17

Context

11:11 I ask then, they did not stumble into an irrevocable fall, 1  did they? Absolutely not! But by their transgression salvation has come to the Gentiles, to make Israel 2  jealous. 11:12 Now if their transgression means riches for the world and their defeat means riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their full restoration 3  bring?

11:13 Now I am speaking to you Gentiles. Seeing that I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry, 11:14 if somehow I could provoke my people to jealousy and save some of them. 11:15 For if their rejection is the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead? 11:16 If the first portion 4  of the dough offered is holy, then the whole batch is holy, and if the root is holy, so too are the branches. 5 

11:17 Now if some of the branches were broken off, and you, a wild olive shoot, were grafted in among them and participated in 6  the richness of the olive root,

Romans 11:24

Context
11:24 For if you were cut off from what is by nature a wild olive tree, and grafted, contrary to nature, into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these natural branches be grafted back into their own olive tree?

1 tn Grk “that they might fall.”

2 tn Grk “them”; the referent (Israel, cf. 11:7) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

3 tn Or “full inclusion”; Grk “their fullness.”

4 tn Grk “firstfruits,” a term for the first part of something that has been set aside and offered to God before the remainder can be used.

5 sn Most interpreters see Paul as making use of a long-standing metaphor of the olive tree (the root…the branches) as a symbol for Israel. See, in this regard, Jer 11:16, 19. A. T. Hanson, Studies in Paul’s Technique and Theology, 121-24, cites rabbinic use of the figure of the olive tree, and goes so far as to argue that Rom 11:17-24 is a midrash on Jer 11:16-19.

6 tn Grk “became a participant of.”



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